Is Proposition 209 in the Way of Newsom’s Effort to Close the African American Student Achievement Gap?

Mar 11, 2020 | Education

Joe W. Bowers Jr. | California Black Media 

In January when Governor Newsom briefed Californians on his 2020-21 Budget, he said the state’s investment in K-12 education was making progress, “it is stubborn and slow.”

“Where we are not seeing progress is for African Americans.” African American students score below the state standard in English language and math tests.

According to Newsom, “It seems self-evident that we should focus and concentrate our efforts in those areas in order to address … the substance of the vexing issue as it relates to academic achievement for our African American students.”

To close the Black student achievement gap Newsom talked about plans to build a diverse teaching workforce of stable, prepared, professional teachers—including more teachers that look like their students. “That’s incredibly important as related particularly to African American achievement.”

He announced $900.1 million was being proposed to be invested in workforce investment grants, professional development grants for existing teachers, and teacher recruitment strategies.

$300 million was being allocated for “opportunity” grants to close the academic achievement gap in the lowest-performing districts. $300 million was being proposed to expand community schools to address students physical and mental health needs by establishing public private partnerships with community services.

But, a few weeks after his budget briefing, the Department of Finance released the “omnibus education trailer bill” detailing Newsom’s education funding proposals and there was no specific funding designated to help African American students or any reference to sourcing more African American teachers.

Last week, the Legislature began its review of the education budget. In advance of the hearings the Legislative Analyst’s Office (LAO) issued a report assessing the governor’s proposals for K-12 education.

Assemblymember Shirley Weber (D-San Diego) holds up reports to show new data that support the negative impacts of Proposition 209. Assemblymember Reggie Jones Sawyer (D-Los Angeles) Assemblymember  Mike Gipson (D- Carson) Assemblymember Miguel Santiago (Los Angeles),  Senator Steve Bradford (D-Gardena ) and Malia Cohen, (Board of Equalization District 2)  stand in support.(Photo courtesy CBM Staff)

LAO found that although the budget proposes funds to address longstanding challenges in K-12 education, many of the initiatives fail to align with the state’s existing efforts to address achievement gaps and enhance the education workforce. Also, the proposals provided little detail about how the funds would be spent, making it difficult for them to assess how effective they might be.

Consequently, LAO recommended that the Legislature reject most of the governor’s proposals and use the $1 billion in freed up funding to provide fiscal relief to school districts. They proposed that the funds be used for additional payments toward districts’ unfunded pension liabilities.

The fact is LAO shouldn’t be faulted for their recommendations, because “God is in the details” and Newsom’s education budget proposals failed to provide them. You don’t have to be a genius to conclude that if the governor wants to help African American students close the achievement gap then his budget proposal should state it directly.

Hearings held by the Assembly Budget Subcommittee No. 2 on Education Finance chaired by Assemblymember Kevin McCarty (D- Sacramento)  on March 4 and Senate Budget and Fiscal Review Subcommittee No. 1 on Education Finance chaired by Senator Richard Roth (D-Riverside) on March 5 didn’t explore how Newsom’s proposals could be amended to address LAO’s concerns and achieve the governor’s objectives.

State Superintendent of Public Instruction Tony Thurmond was invited to speak at the Legislative hearings.

Expressing support for the budget, Thurmond said, “We really appreciated that when the governor laid out his budget proposal in January, he spoke directly to the need to close the achievement gap, he spoke directly to the needs to creating recruitment and retention designs that will help us to attract a more diverse workforce and close the gap.”

Thurmond also admitted that “So many of the things that are in the budget aren’t spelled out, but we’re working closely with the governor’s office and the Department of Finance to put specifics in place ……”

The Legislators raised concerns that school districts are facing increasing fiscal challenges and that more funds should be directed to address those concerns. They also acknowledged that closing the achievement gap was warranted but never raised the need for specific funding proposals to help African American students.

Not specifying funding targeted to help African American students could be attributed to concerns about violating Proposition 209. This initiative approved by voters in 1996, prohibits state governmental institutions from considering race in public education.

Assemblymember Shirley Weber (D – San Diego) twice proposed legislation, AB 2635 and AB 575, which would have directed LCFF funding to Black students. Both times, concerns about violating Proposition 209 were raised and the bills failed.

Governor Newsom should be commended for trying to close the African American student achievement gap. But, because his proposed budget uses low income students or students with exceptional needs or students living in deep poverty as proxy for African American students, his proposals are not properly focused on dealing with the issue. Studies suggest that African American students have specific needs that would best be addressed by initiatives written specifically to help them.

Assemblymember Al Muratsuchi (D-Torrance) asked during the Assembly committee hearing, “Isn’t the entire local control funding formula, designed to close the achievement gap?”

The local control funding formula (LCFF) provides a base grant of funds to all school districts and additional funds based on the number of low-income children, English learners, homeless students and foster children who attend.

While LCFF has helped Latino students and English learners, test results show African American students and those with disabilities have not benefited. While additional funding is available for students with disabilities, funding specifically for African American students has not been allocated mostly because of Prop 209 concerns.

The governor’s education trailer bill essentially relies on the same student targets as LCFF. So, if the intent is to help African American students succeed, then Newsom’s proposals need to say it and not finesse the wording.

If Prop 209 is an impediment to approving funds to close the achievement gap for African American students, then Newsom has a chance to work with the Legislature on passing ACA 5 the California Act for Economic Prosperity to repeal Proposition 209  and convincing California voters to approve it.

Header Photo: Assemblymember Shirley Weber (D-San Diego) holds press conference with legislators, advocates and students March 10, 2020 at the State Capitol. (Photo courtesy CBM Staff)

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