A+ R A-

The Monkey on the Tea Party's Back

E-mail Print PDF

Share this article with a friend


By Lee A. Daniels and Stacey Patton, Special to the NNPA from thedefendersonline.com –

Another day. Another outrageous example of how deeply the election of a Black American of mixed parentage has unhinged some conservative White Americans.

And further evidence, thanks to Marilyn Davenport, a Tea Party member who sits on the Republican Party central committee of Orange County, California, that the Tea Party continues to be the organizational refuge for some significant number of them.

Recently a local newspaper reported that Davenport, a longtime party committee member, had sent to some fellow committee members and others an e-mail depicting President Obama as belonging to a family of chimpanzees: his face was superimposed on a chimpanzee that was clearly meant to be the offspring of a male and female chimpanzee - also in the photo.

Underneath the doctored photo, Davenport, who is 74, had typed the words: “Now you know why – no birth certificate!”

Scott Baugh, the chairman of the committee, was one who received it. He e-mailed Davenport that it was “dripping with racism and is in very poor taste.” He and some other GOP officials in the county later said Davenport should resign or be ousted from her committee seat.

The ensuing scenario followed the script that’s become a thoroughly familiar one since President Obama took office.

Davenport at first declared in an e-mail response to the committee that she had done nothing wrong and that it was all “much to do about nothing.

“I’m sorry if my e-mail offended anyone,” she began, her tone of defiance obvious. “I simply found it amusing regarding the character of Obama and all the questions surrounding his origin of birth.”

The character of Obama? His origin of birth?

Davenport pressed on: “In no way did I consider the fact that’s he’s half black when I sent out the email. In fact, the thought never entered my mind until one or two other people tried to make this about race. We all know a double standard applies regarding this president. I received plenty of emails about George Bush that I didn’t particularly like, yet there was no ‘cry’ in the media about them.”

She added for good measure that she has friends who are Black.

That marked the end of the first act of the drama: the dismissal of the wrong by combining the assertion that it was all a joke with a back-of-the-hand apology to those who took offense, followed by the I-have-Black- friends-so-I’m-not-a-racist declaration.

But, it was clear the controversy was not going be dismissed so easily. Davenport’s words summoned echoes of the racist assertions of late 19th and early 20th-century eugenicists like Charles Davenport (no relation) about the character, traits, and evolutionary origins of Black people. Charles Davenport was one who in the early 1900s warned that American society was in decline because of the presence of too many Blacks, people with disabilities and other people of color.

Former chairman of the California Republican Party Michael Schroeder weighed in quickly that the e-mail was Davenport’s third strike, citing two previous incidents in which she had defended the racist actions of fellow Orange County conservatives.

The first was during President Obama’s inauguration, when Los Alamitos Mayor Dean Grose forwarded an email depicting a watermelon patch on the White House lawn.

According to Schroeder, Davenport also defended Newport Councilman Richard Nichols when he opposed installing grassy areas at a beach. His reason, according to the L.A. Times: “with grass we usually get Mexicans coming in there early in the morning and they claim it as theirs, and it becomes their personal, private grounds all day.”

It’s important to note the similarity of the three incidents: they are all outlandish, and draw on a web of bigoted notions about Blacks and Mexicans that are the more effective because they don’t have to be spelled out.

The weight of criticism — added to undoubtedly via back-channel routes by Republican Party officialdom trying to avoid another racial controversy welling up from its ranks – soon forced Marilyn Davenport to publicly recant. She said, “I wasn’t wise in sending the email out. I shouldn’t have done it. I really wasn’t thinking when I did it. I had poor judgment.” She further said, “I am not a racist, but I do think I need to apologize again with different words.”

She went still further in an apology read for her (she did not attend) at the weekly meeting of the party committee statement Monday night, asking “forgiveness of my unwise behavior. I say unwise because at the time I received and forwarded the email, I didn’t stop to think about the historic implications and other examples of how this could be offensive. I am an imperfect Christian lady who tries her best to live a Christ-like honoring life,” the statement continued. “I would never do anything to intentionally harm or berate others regardless of ethnicity. Everyone who knows me knows that to be true.”

But, of course, though one may accept the sincerity of Davenport’s apology, it’s too late for a “retraction” of an incident and its immediate aftermath, which offer, not a window, but a glass house-look into the Tea Party’s soul as the place where such expressions of bigotry are acceptable. It underscores that, though the Tea Party has stored its racist, anti-Obama placards to don the cloak of political respectability, behind closed-doors it’s still the same old same old. The “monkey” Tea Partiers are apparently obsessed with asserting is President Obama is actually the outward manifestation of their own racial anxieties. The monkey they see is actually the one on their own backs.

Some claim that the depiction of the President and the First Lady as apes and monkeys has no more meaning than the comparisons of George W. Bush to a monkey that populated the internet during his years his office.

But, for one thing, those scurrilous references – which, though they subjected Bush to the ridicule, never included the First Lady or the Bush daughters – were never circulated by Democratic elected officials and party operatives, and they never infected the respectable political sphere. They were never a motivation for action by his political opponents.

In sharp contrast, the controversy that’s erupted about the “Davenport e-mail” isn’t just a matter of partisan bickering, or of some people being “too sensitive.” Not when, the social, and political arenas have been flooded since the Inauguration with venomous posters and cartoons and “jokes” from right-wing pundits, talk-show jockeys, and party operatives and officeholders likening the President and the First Family to monkeys and apes.

Not when the likening of Black Americans to monkeys and apes has always been a bedrock of White-racist thought.

You don’t have to be a psychiatrist or linguistic anthropologist to understand that the function of such language and images has always been to make Whites more comfortable in denying Blacks the rights of citizenship and indeed of simple human decency – as well as supporting a social and political structure that does so, too.

In fact, Scott Baugh, the Orange County GOP chairman, made just this point in saying Monday that, “Depicting African-Americans as monkeys is a longtime, well-known and particularly offensive slur because it denies them their basic humanity.”

Baugh urged party members to consider the reactions Black Americans would have on opening such an e-mail. “I hope for a fleeting moment,” he said, “you can capture the taste of what it feels like to be at the bigoted end of racism. Just reflect on that because that’s what many of them saw, that’s what many of them felt, and that’s how many of them reacted.

Lee A. Daniels is Director of Communications for the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc. and Editor-in-Chief of TheDefendersOnline.

Stacey Patton is a writer for the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc.

Add comment

By using our comment system, you agree to not post profane, vulgar, offensive, or slanderous comments. Spam and soliciting are strictly prohibited. Violation of these rules will result in your comments being deleted and your IP Address banned from accessing our website in the future. Your e-mail address will NOT be published, sold or used for marketing purposes.

Security code


-1 # Guest 2011-04-28 10:21
Hey Danny Boy, this guy couldn't hold a candle to Clinton. Lets face it people, if Obama was running on the "Grass is Greener" ticket and never spoke a word you still would have voted for him. Is that Racism?
+2 # Guest 2011-04-26 18:45
Those who claim that comparing Obama to a monkey is equivalent to the 'Chimpy' images of Bush are as dishonest as they are willfully ignorant of history.
+1 # Guest 2011-04-26 12:41
I disagree with the vilifying of Obama (or anyone) based on race (or gender, or religious affiliation, sexual orientation...etc.). However, the man is a liar and a detriment to our country. How many campaign promises has he broken? I realize that 'everyone knows' that politicians are crooks, but wow, he pulled a total 180. He is no different from Bush when it comes to war, torture, government overreaching...in fact he's gone several steps further.

I'm not saying this because of Obama's race. He could be purple for all I care, if only he'd lived up to the image he portrayed when he was campaigning. Instead he's sold us out and betrayed the American trust. He might be the most wonderful man on earth, but he is a horrible president.
-3 # Guest 2011-04-25 20:38
I did not laugh at the Bush monkey jokes as they really were offensive despite being drawn by his fellow white people. They still represent hatred. You dehumanize a person when you hate them. I preferred laughing at Bush just being Bush. That was funny enough and required zero editing to show how incapabele and incompetent he was as a leader, and how scary it was to have someone like him a step away from the Nuclear button.
-3 # Guest 2011-04-25 20:32
They depicted him as a monkey because they thought him stupid, Obama is not stupid,m EVERYONE, especially his Republican opponents kinow this, so it is clear he was depicted as a monkey becasue and soley because he was Black. "Rough and tumble of politics my foot", Republicans despised Clinton, but he was not depicted as a monkey (Despite being a Democrat) because he was smart too. It would have been out of place. The first Bush was not depicted as a monkey for the same reason. Certain insults are racioally oreitned as this obviously is, so it cannot be but behind us. It will be put behind us as soon as racists stop being racists. I commned Scott Baugh and respect him tremendously, he is a man above all others. You should be propping up people like him in your party and not evil racists such as that old, wicked lady.
-4 # Guest 2011-04-25 20:31
Everyone defending this lady keeps running to the fact that Bush was depicted as a monkey. First of all, Bush was depicted as a monkey by his fellow white people. They did so to represent their perception of his lack of intellectual vigor which was slowing becoming apparent.
0 # Guest 2011-04-25 13:42
Where were you when liberals were pasting Bush's head on monkey photos? There were several such charactures that appeared on the internet and in newspapers all across the country.
Sure, Davenport did something stupid in sending that image. But let it rest. It's part of the rough and tumble of politics.
P.S. FYI, Davenport is not part of the Tea Party.
+1 # Guest 2011-04-25 12:47
My response is on youtube: marilyn davenport go home
+4 # Guest 2011-04-25 07:39
Racisma alive and well in America and the Tea Party.

BVN National News Wire