A+ R A-

News Wire

Successful Black Marriages Besieged on All Sides, Say Advocates

E-mail Print PDF

By Starla Muhammad, Special to the NNPA from The Final Call –

Is there a systematic assault on Black marriage?

Seemingly every week a new poll, study or blog reports disheartening statistics and commentary on the abhorrent conditions of Black men and Black women in the United States, adding fuel to the often fiery discussion of male-female relationships and its effect on the disappearing intact traditional Black family. Poverty, unemployment, health disparities, incarceration and financial hardships cut across racial lines, especially among the nation's poor and working class. All are contributing factors to decreasing marriage rates, say analysts.

Marriage across the board has declined among Blacks, Latinos and Whites since 1960. Marriage among 30- to 44-year-old Whites has dipped from 87 percent in 1960 to 65 percent in 2007, according to a recent brief released by the Economic Policy Institute (EPI). During the same time there was also a decrease among U.S.-born Latinos from 84 percent to 54 percent with the biggest drop among Blacks from 71 percent to 37 percent, a 34 percent decrease.

Data suggests Black men and women would like to get married. In 2008, 72.5 percent of Black people reported they will likely get married according to the National Survey of American Life, says EPI. In 2010, 65 percent of Blacks said a child needs a home with both a mother and father.

The Honorable Elijah Muhammad, patriarch of the Nation of Islam, stressed the importance of marriage and family to his followers. His top student, Minister Louis Farrakhan, teaches marriage and family are not only the cornerstone and foundation of a great nation, but necessary and critical to the very survival of the Black nation in particular. Successful nation building depends on strong marriage and family life teaches Farrakhan.

Marriage prospects among Blacks suffer because of a shortage of Black males, with 21 percent fewer Black males than Black females ages 30- to 44 years old not in prison or other institutions, reports EPI.

The disproportionate number of unmarried Black women is being used as justification by some in advocating the push for professional Black women to marry non-Black men.

If Black women “limit themselves to Black men,” most will either remain unmarried or wed to a less-educated man who earns less than they do, argues Professor Ralph Richard Banks, author of the recently released book, “Is Marriage for White People? How the African American Marriage Decline Affects Everyone.”

The matrimonial dip is not unique to any racial group but because Black men are imprisoned and jailed at higher rates, suffer higher rates of unemployment, coupled with a declining share of good jobs results in the “collateral consequence” of marriage decline, reports EPI.

Growing up in Cleveland in a predominately-Black neighborhood with plenty of two-parent households to witness, Prof. Banks saw the drastic decline in Black marriages firsthand. He is married to a Black woman he has known since elementary school and has three sisters but says while Black women have achieved tremendous success, they are more likely than others to be unmarried. Nearly 7 in 10 Black women are unmarried and college-educated Black women are twice as likely as their White counterparts to be unwed, he says.

“Even as Black women are doing really well in other ways, they have good jobs, they have education, you know they are thriving in many ways but then in this one way life hasn't quite come together as they've imagined it would,” the Stanford law professor told The Final Call.

College-educated Black women will often have more in common with their Asian, Latino or White classmates than with the Black guy they grew up with who did not go to college, argues Prof. Banks. This factor, along with the poor economic and educational realities of many Black men, is why Black women should date outside of their race, says the author of the controversial new book.

“I'm African American; I have three boys who will be young Black men in not too many years. So of course I want a world where they can thrive. It's a tragedy that we have as many Black men in jail as we do. That there are so many that are jobless, they're underperforming educationally. That's a failure that's everybody's fault,” says Prof. Banks.

Professor Banks argues Black women do not marry because they have too few choices, and Black men because they have too many. Further, he insists, somehow the commitment Black women have to Black men “weakens” the Black family.

Professor Banks says federal and state programs are needed to address the many problems plaguing Black men but that his book “is about what to do in the meantime.”

The effect of declining marriage is based in the root cause of the legacy and system of White supremacy which has strategically undermined family in the Black community and skewed the God-centered reality that serves as the foundation of a strong marriage and to suggest that Black women “look elsewhere” is insulting, argues Black marriage advocates.

“There absolutely is an ongoing assault on Black marriage because there is an assault on the Black family because the Black family is the base of wealth and reproduction. The Black family provides stability, self-love and self-acceptance,” says Attorney Ava Muhammad, a student minister for the Nation of Islam and a national spokesperson for Min. Farrakhan.

“In order to destabilize the family you want to start at its root, which is marriage.” Muhammad told The Final Call. The concept of family runs in opposition to a society dominated by White supremacy and an economic ideal based on “free” labor when chattel slavery was outlawed, adds the popular author and lecturer.

“Law enforcement policies that contribute to higher Black incarceration rates deflate the size of the Black workforce and the pool of marriage-eligible Black men,” notes the “Reducing Poverty and Increasing Marriage Rates Among Latinos and African Americans” EPI policy brief. “If 2010 unemployment and incarceration rates for Blacks and Whites were the same, almost two million additional Blacks would have been in the American workforce.”

Current policies in America's criminal justice system have ensured significant numbers of the potential Black workforce is in prison and upon release, it is more difficult to find work, adds EPI. The ability for a man to be in a position to support a family before he gets married is an important factor across all racial lines, says the report.

“You have two things going on simultaneously. You have the Black man being bombarded with media images and concepts which continually inflict on his brain this idea that his own woman is undesirable. On the side of the woman, you have her now being bombarded with this idea that the man is incapable,” says Muhammad.

Why would you look outside of your own kind because of employment and level of education? she asks. “That makes no sense at all because level of education and jobs, they are an effect, they're not a cause of anything,” says Muhammad.

Muhammad says there needs to be promotion of the many successful Black marriages that exist and an end to pretending there are no successful ones.

“Let's talk about the millions who have worked and struggled to keep their marriages together at a time when 50 percent of all marriages across the board are doomed for failure,” she says.

“More importantly, this is why we have to become self-contained as a community. We're not able to focus on one another because we're too fixated on attempting to follow, copy, please the children of our slave-masters. And as long as we are with them, we're going to be ruled by them because we're not focusing on self-development; we're focusing on what they think,” says Muhammad.

Vigils were not Enough to Save Troy Davis

E-mail Print PDF

By Jennifer French Parker, Special to the NNPA from the CrossRoads News –

After 20 years on death row, convicted cop killer Troy Davis was executed at 11:08 p.m. on Sept. 21.

Davis’ death by lethal injection came four hours later than his scheduled 7 p.m. execution as his lawyers and supporters made a last-ditch appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court. It declined to stay his execution.

He was 42 years old.

Witnesses said he died declaring his innocence and urging supporters to continue the fight against the death penalty after his death.

Davis was convicted Sept. 3, 1991, for the 1989 death of Mark MacPhail, a white off-duty Savannah police officer, when he was 20 years old.

MacPhail, 27, was working as a security guard when he intervened in a brawl in a Burger King parking lot in Savannah and was shot at point-blank range.

There was no physical evidence linking Davis to the crime, and after several witnesses recanted their testimonies, supporters say there was too much doubt to execute.

They and opponents of the death penalty called for clemency for Davis, but the Georgia Board of Pardons and Paroles and the state Supreme Court both upheld his sentence.

John Evans, president of the DeKalb NAACP, said the decision to execute was wrong.

“When in doubt, you don’t want to kill anyone because you can’t do anything after you have done it,” he said.

Evans, who joined the vigil for clemency, said the Davis case highlights the need for change.

“We need to take this situation and do something about the death penalty. Period,” he said. “The disparity in sentencing between Blacks and whites is disproportional. That’s why we can’t support the death penalty.”

AJC reporter Rhonda Cook, who was one of five reporters who witnessed the execution along with MacPhail’s son and namesake; his brother, William MacPhail; and the Davis family, told CNN Wednesday night that Davis looked at the McPhails and said he was sorry for their loss.

“I did not personally kill your son, father and brother,” Davis said. “I am innocent.”

Cook said Davis asked his family and friends to continue to search for the truth. To the prison officials who would pull the switch to kill him, he said, “May God have mercy on your souls. May God bless your souls.”

She said he lowered his head and was dead within 14 minutes from a three-drug cocktail of pentobarbital, which induced coma; pancuronium bromide, which paralyzed him; and potassium chloride, which stopped his heart.

The worldwide campaign to spare Davis’ life drew high-profile support from former U.S. President Jimmy Carter, Pope Benedict XVI and 4th District U.S. Rep. Hank Johnson. Davis had escaped three previous dates with death before Wednesday.

Supporters began round-the-clock vigils last week and hundreds stood outside the Jackson state prison Wednesday praying for clemency.

In a letter written by Davis and released by Amnesty International, Davis said the struggle for justice doesn’t end with him.

By midday Thursday, the NAACP had begun organizing to work toward eliminating the death penalty. Evans said that he had received a call from NAACP state President Edward DuBose.

“He said we need to get together in a few days to develop a plan of action to abolish the death penalty,” he said.

Rekindling the Spirit of the Million Man March

E-mail Print PDF

Philadelphia prepares to host 16th anniversary weekend focused on hunger, violence and politics

By Jehron Muhammad, Special to the NNPA from The Final Call –

The Honorable Minister Louis Farrakhan has chosen this city as the host site for the 16th anniversary of the Million Man March. This year's celebration (Oct. 7-9) is being called the 16th anniversary of the Million Man March weekend.

Activities will include a city-wide Jummah congregational prayer service (Friday) a reception (Friday), so Min. Farrakhan can thank those who participated in Philadelphia's contribution to the Million Man March in 1995 and those assisting in organizing the 16th anniversary celebration.

Activities also will include a Saturday, Oct. 8, leadership forum with Min Farrakhan, a presentation by the Nation of Islam Research Group and a food drive to bring light to Philadelphia's severe hunger problem and a major address by Min. Farrakhan Sunday, Oct. 9, at the Philadelphia Civic Center.

The food drive will also coincide with the Minister's lecture as the event's local organizing committee is asking each of the expected audience of 17,000 to bring a non-perishable food item to the venue.

The 1995 march was the largest gathering in U.S. history. The significance of the march was increased because the two million plus participants that gathered in Washington D.C. were men. Women were asked to stay at home and offer encouragement, as Black men came to D.C. to recommitment themselves to their families and to their communities.

During a Sept. 14 press conference hosted by the Philadelphia local organizing committee, Nation of Islam Student Minister Rodney Muhammad opened by saying the weekend event is “designed to reignite and … reenergize … the spirit of the Million Man March.”

Music mogul and chair of Universal Communities, Kenny Gamble, chairman of the Local Organizing Committee, emphasized the importance of people of all colors getting involved in weekend events.

Asked about weekend activities, the former managing director of the city of Philadelphia and the events operations person Joe Certaine said, Min. Farrakhan would participate in a “leadership meeting that focuses on young people.” During the three-hour session the Minister will “in depth” go over issues that affect the everyday lives of youth, he said. “An action plan would be produced as a part of our activity moving forward,” Certaine added.

After the press conference, during an exclusive interview with The Final Call, Certaine described the weekend focus on three themes: street violence, hunger and political accountability:

• Concerning street violence: “We know that we must work together in our communities to combat the escalating violence that stifles the peace and stability required for families to grow and prosper in our neighborhoods.

“Philadelphia has an array of organizations that are trying to combat street violence. Some have been around for decades. In many cases, the organizations all compete for some of the same money sparingly doled out by local, state and federal agencies or private foundations. They also compete for support from the elected officials, who either endorse or discount the individual organization's efforts, based upon whether or not that organization is aligned with a specific politicians.

“We have the means and ability to stop street violence by collective action in our communities, not by organizational competition. In many instances we can demonstrate our strength in combating this problem by working together. We should begin finding ways where we can collectively impact this problem and stop the fragmentation that seems to plague every step toward progress. A direct-action, frontline coalition of leaders and organizations is the best way to confront this problem at the neighborhood level. It will be difficult and vocal but we must pool our talent for the greater good.”

• Concerning hunger: “Philadelphia is the poorest of the major big cities, in the United States, with a population of over one million people. The overall poverty rate is approximately 25 percent and according to the Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index recent survey in the first congressional district, almost half of the families with children (49.6 percent) suffer from hunger. These facts make this largely Philadelphia district the 2nd hungriest congressional district in the United States.

“How can we accept the fact that half our families, most of whom are families of color, can't buy enough food for their children not to be hungry? As we prepare for the Million Man March anniversary, we must also mobilize and introduce an action plan that begins with each person bringing at least one non-perishable item to the Pennsylvania Convention Center on Sunday, Oct. 9, 2011. This will be the kick-off of the coalition's (the Philadelphia Millions More Movement) Campaign Against Hunger. We must help our people to feed their children.”

• Concerning political accountability: “How is it that these economic and social problems continue unabated in Philadelphia, given the political representation we're supposed to have at the local, state and federal level? Why have we allowed the elected officials and their appointed subordinates to ignore the fact that they are supposed to be public servants, accountable to their constituents? Why is it that we do not challenge our elected representatives to be more effective? Why can't they aggressively support an agenda prepared by community leadership? Our strength is our unity of purpose. In Pennsylvania in 2012, all state representatives, one half of all state senators and all members of Congress will be elected. There will also be a presidential election. Now is the time to enforce political accountability.

“The plan of action being proposed could serve as a model for the revitalization of the Millions More Movement in different areas of the country. Any person running for office must have an opportunity to explain what they have done, what they intend to do and how we can all work together to build practical solutions to these problems and others. In some cities, one or two of the core issues may change but political accountability should be consistent throughout the formation.”

These “short term goals,” according to Certaine, are to “serve to mobilize our people.” Having an “immediate impact” is important and focusing on issues that affect all of our lives “hasten the unity of our communities,” he said.

“This commemoration couldn't come at a better time,” added Minister Rodney Muhammad, a member of The Greater Philadelphia Local Organizing Committee.

“We stand in violation of the pledge that we made in D.C. that day. That pledge represents a code of conduct and because it was violated on every point, our communities continue to suffer. Our failure to stand by our pledge has allowed disunity to creep into our communities, making them worse off than they were in 1995,” said the local representative of the Nation of Islam's Muhammad Mosque No. 12, who also oversees the Nation's Delaware Valley Region.

The pledge taken by the men assembled on the National Mall 16 years ago was a solemn promise to respect women, care for their children, rebuild their communities, enter into international trade and commerce and refrain from unwarranted acts of violence on one another. The march unleashed a tidal wave of activity that beat back the Republican onslaught to capture Congress and 1.7 million additional Black voters put the Democratic Party back in office. Thousands of children were adopted, which was one of the march platforms, while urban peace activists went to work curbing violence, which led to a drop in urban crime rates. Fathers reunited with their children and mentoring programs, businesses and other community-building initiatives took place.

“The main thing about the Million Man March that makes it so important in our history, is that it was a march that we created on our own, and we paid for it on our own. It brought about a unity for the first time, a unity of Black men, coming together for common cause and to face a common problem. It brought us from every area of persuasion that you could find us, in America,” Min. Muhammad continued. “There were Christians, Muslims, nationalists, integrationists and separatists. From every philosophical and religious persuasion and political persuasion, you could find us there at the Million Man March.”

Herman Cain Pulls Upset, Wins Florida GOP Straw Poll

E-mail Print PDF

Special to the NNPA from The Washington Informer –

Businessman Herman Cain won the Florida straw poll Saturday, making for a major upset and creating more problems for Texas Gov. Rick Perry.

Cain led with 37 percent of the vote while Perry garnered just 15 percent. Former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney received 14 percent; former Pennsylvania senator Rick Santorum, 11 percent; Texas Rep. Ron Paul, 10 percent and former House speaker Newt Gingrich had 9 percent. Also, having received 2 percent each of the votes, former Utah governor Jon Huntsman and Minnesota Rep. Michele Bachmann trailed far behind.

Voting in the straw poll in Orlando was limited to about 3,500 delegates, each of whom paid $175 to attend Presidency 5, hosted by the Florida GOP.

However, because of Perry's failure to win, some of his supports have become concerned about whether he can continue to rise in the polls.

Denzel Washington, Ron Howard, Ashanti, LeBron James Launch PSA for Boys and Girls Clubs of America

E-mail Print PDF

Special to the NNPA from the AFRO-American newspapers –

Celebrity alumni of the Boys and Girls Clubs of America flocked to Washington, D.C. to launch a new PSA campaign, which targets childhood obesity, dropout rates and youth violence.

Oscar-winning actor Denzel Washington, the club’s national spokesman and a Boys and Girls Clubs of America alum, led the debut of the organization’s campaign film, “Great Futures Start Here,” directed by Academy Award winner Ron Howard.

“We are very fortunate indeed to have Ron Howard on our Boys and Girls Club team,” Washington said at the event.

The video features 21 alumni of the organization, including co-spokesperson Jennifer Lopez, Jackie Joyner-Kersee, Shaquille O’Neal, Kerry Washington, Cuba Gooding Jr. and more.

According to the website, 4.1 million young people are Boys and Girls Clubs of America members. There are nearly 4,000 chartered locations with a staff of 50,000 nationwide. The organization states that 64 percent of participants come from minority families.

Although Howard was not a member of the organization, he said he was honored to be called on by Washington to direct the PSA.

“I don’t have Boys and Girls club in my personal history,” he said. “When Denzel told me about doing this PSA, it was kind of a great moment…I do believe in what the Boys and Girls Club offers.”

Beyonce’s single “I Was Here” from her album “A” was selected as music for the video.

Page 200 of 336

Quantcast

BVN National News Wire