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What Blacks Need to Know about Diabetes

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By Lurina Williams, Special to the NNPA from The Dallas Examiner –

Sugar and sweets are always pleasant to eat and taste so good. On the other hand, consumption of too much sugar is deemed unhealthy and can lead to rotten teeth, cavities and even unwanted weight gain.

Many people also tend to believe eating sugar is the result of diabetes, according to Pam Davis, diabetes educator for Novo Nordisk Inc.

“A lot of times people believe that they ate too much sugar and that is what caused their diabetes,” Davis said.

However, many people may not know that sugar plays a vital role in the body and affects its energy levels. After meals, carbohydrates are broken down and turned into sugar, or glucose. During digestion, sugar enters the bloodstream. As a result, sugar from food and carbohydrates causes the body’s blood sugar levels to increase. The insulin in your body is then used to open up some of the cells in your body allowing the sugar to exit the bloodstream and enter into the cells for energy. The insulin is also used to balance the sugars out which in turn lowers blood sugar.

But for some, this may become a problem. In Type 1 diabetes, the body produces too little or no insulin. In Type 2 diabetes, the body is insulin resistant, sometimes making too much insulin and the body is unable to use it properly. In both cases, Type 1 and Type 2, sugar is not allowed into the cells and stays in the blood stream, causing extremely high blood sugar or hyperglycemia. In Type 1 diabetics, insulin is then injected to regulate blood sugars, and in Type 2 diabetics, exercise and oral medications are taken.

According to http://www.novonordiskcommunitycare.com, one out of 12 Americans has diabetes. Typically doctors test and can tell if you have the disease if you have an A1C of 6.5 percent or higher or your blood sugar levels are higher than 126. The A1C is an average number from your blood glucose levels over the course of two to three months. A healthy A1C should be no higher than seven percent. Symptoms include constant and frequent trips to the restroom, being thirsty and hungry more than often, unusual weight loss, frequent periods of fatigue, irritability, blurry vision, wounds that won’t heal and numbness or tingling hands or feet.

“In reality, there’s a lot of things that contribute to why people have diabetes and so often times it’s multiple factors that kind of gang up on them that cause diabetes to come to be. And certainly what you eat can play a role in those factors presenting themselves. But, for instance, genetics, having a family history of diabetes, age, ethnicity, all of those kinds of things that we cannot change are kind of the underlining things that we always have to look at,” Davis explained. In 2010, out of the 3,284,300 people living in the state of Texas with diabetes, 460,700 were African Americans. By the year 2025, the number of African Americans with diabetes is projected to raise to 814,300, pursuant to the Institute for Alternative Futures.

Risk factors include, but are not limited to: being overweight, not being very active, high blood pressure, being over 45 years of age, having a family history of the disease, belonging to certain ethnic groups and giving birth to large babies. There is no cure for this chronic disease, but if managed and controlled properly people with diabetics can live long healthy lives. Some ways to manage diabetes are: taking medication properly, eating healthy, exercising and staying active, regular doctor’s visits, checking blood sugar levels and avoiding stress.

The key to keeping diabetes in control is first having a good team. A good team usually consists of support from family and friends, a doctor, a nurse, an ophthalmologist, a podiatrist, a nutritionist and an endocrinologist. Your team will help with creating meal plans, planning workouts or physical activities, scheduling when to check sugar and take medications, planning blood sugar goals and providing emotional support.

“There’s no reason why someone with diabetes can’t live a long healthy life, but they do have to do something about it to make it stay that way,” Davis stated. “One of the things that we teach people is that diabetes is a progressive disease meaning that it does tend to get worse unless we do things to combat it. So, any complications that can result from diabetes is preventable ... and so we prevent that by keeping our blood sugar in good control and making sure that it’s as close to normal as possible.”

Black Georgia Mom Spared Jail Time After Son Killed By Drunk Driver

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By Cyril Josh Barker, Special to the NNPA from the New York Amsterdam News –

A Black Georgia mother is breathing a sigh of relief after hearing the news that she will not face any jail time for the death of her 4-year-old son. Raquel Nelson, of Marietta, Ga., was previously facing three years in prison after a drunk driver killed her son in a hit-and-run while she was jaywalking in 2010.

The case involving the single mother was highly criticized because Nelson was looking at more jail time than the man who killed her son in the hit-and-run. A judge sentenced Nelson to 40 hours of community service and one year of probation. She also has the option of getting a new trial.

In 2010, Nelson tragically lost her son, A.J., at the hands of Jerry Guy, the driver. Nelson had just gotten off a public bus and jaywalked across a four-lane highway with her son and two other children to reach her home.

Reports indicate Guy had two prior hit-and-run convictions, was intoxicated at the time of the incident and is partially blind in one eye. He served six months in jail and is currently serving five years probation after pleading guilty. Nelson was facing 36 months in prison after being convicted in July of second-degree vehicular homicide, reckless conduct and jaywalking.

Speaking on NBC's "Today," Nelson said the reason why she didn't use the crosswalk was because she was in a hurry to get home before it got dark. She said she is still trying to heal following the death of her son.

"I think to come after me so much harder than they did him, I say it's a slap in the face," she said," she said. "This will never end for me."

Heavy criticism was especially large from the Black community in Marietta because of the all-white, middle-class jury that convicted Nelson. Many said that the trial was unfair considering that several jurors said they had never previously even taken public transportation.

"I don't think they could relate to what I was going through. I think that there was a lot of evidence that wasn’t - I can't say allowed to be presented, but it all went very fast, and...all of the jurors, they've all said they've never ridden public transportation and they've never really been in my shoes. So I think it was maybe not a jury of peers, if that's what the statement is," Nelson said.

Support for Nelson was also big on the Internet, where numerous people posted videos on YouTube supporting her. A Facebook page called "Help Raquel Nelson" has also been set up. On the websitechange.org, more than 140,000 signatures were received in 48 hours asking that she get no jail time.

At her hearing, the judge was presented with several emails and letters from local citizens, Nelson's father and boss and fellow students at the community college where she is taking classes.

She now has 30 days to decide if she wants a new trial to clear her name. David Savoy, Nelson's attorney, said that he's never seen anything like this happen before, and that he and his client are taking a look at their options.

"I was very pleased with the decision and I think she [the judge] made the right decision," he said.

ACLU Claims Police Govt. Inaction Regarding Racial Disparity in Traffic Stops

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By Starla Muhammad, Special to the NNPA from The Final Call –

CHICAGO (FinalCall.com) - In 2004 in an effort to study and identify alleged patterns of racial profiling and bias during police traffic stops, the State of Illinois began requiring every law enforcement agency provide data on traffic stops. The results then showed Blacks and Latinos were more likely to be pulled over than Whites for a traffic stop and more than two and a half times more likely than Whites to have their car's contents searched when pulled over.

The 2010 statistics released in mid-July of this year by the Illinois Department of Transportation (IDOT), prepared by the Center for Research in Law and Justice at the University of Illinois at Chicago shows nothing has changed. The new data shows Blacks and Latinos are disproportionately targeted.

This new report comes on the heels of an administrative complaint filed by the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) of Illinois to the special litigation section of the civil rights division at the U.S. Department of Justice June 7 to investigate “substantial racial disparate impact” caused by the Illinois State Police consent searches.

“We have seven years of data that consistently show that African-American and Latino drivers are consistently two to three to greater than three almost four times likely to be consent searched as White drivers,” said Edwin C. Yohnka, director of communications and public policy for the Illinois ACLU.

According to the data, it is more likely that contraband will be found in the cars of White motorists, Yohnka told The Final Call. He says the reason the ACLU filed a complaint with the DOJ is because they could not get the political leadership in Illinois to focus on the issue and to “deal with it.”

Yohnka says the ACLU had repeatedly reached out to current Illinois Governor Pat Quinn as well as recently convicted former Gov. Rod Blagojevich with few results. The initial bill authorizing the traffic studies was introduced in 2003 and “championed” by then Illinois state senator, now President of the United States Barack Obama.

In 2006, a statewide panel consisting of state legislatures and others was supposedly formed to analyze the data and make recommendations. For whatever reason that panel has never been formed and has never met says Yohnka.

“There's a very simple solution to this particular problem. The governor of the State of Illinois controls the state police. He could pick up his pen today and sign an order which places a moratorium on all consent searches and the harm that takes place every single day on the highways and byways of our roads and expressways in Illinois through the use of these consent searches would be brought to an end,” explains Yohnka.

In a telephone call to Gov. Quinn's office by The Final Call, a representative referred all questions regarding the matter to Monique Bond, a spokesperson for the Illinois State Police (IPS). Bond says IPS is currently reviewing the information from 2010 and previous years to make sure the data provided is consistent and to also analyze what the data means. “What was behind that stop? Were there weapons recovered? Were there narcotics recovered? Did it lead to a criminal investigation?” asked Bond.

All of this needs to be taken into account before we can just come out and just accept numbers as they are in their raw form, Bond told The Final Call in a telephone interview. Bond also stressed that with “consent searches” the person has the right to refuse to have their vehicle searched.

“There is no need for investigation. These are seven consistent years of data that has revealed and continues to reveal this problem,” argues Yohnka.

Out of 443,000 stops in 2009 less than one percent is for consent to search says Bond. “So there's probable cause and when they are being stopped, their initial stop isn't based on the color of their skin, they're doing something to be stopped,” says Bond. There is some violation to make an officer stop a motorist, she added.

Out of those stops, continued Bond, over 2,000 firearms and almost 15,000 pounds of illegal narcotics were seized.

However according to the last several years of IDOT data, Blacks and Latinos are still being asked to consent to a search more often even though they are found less likely to have contraband.

Yohnka says there is no set standard for consent searches established in Illinois so vehicles are often searched “on a hunch” by law enforcement. “Clearly the police and the Illinois State Police in particular are applying a different standard to those hunches when it comes to African American and Latino motorists then when compared to White motorists,” he added. Whatever the cause of that different standard ought to be stopped says Yohnka.

Everybody wants to feel safe and secure in their community. But, the problem with these consent searches is the valuable time that law enforcement could spend looking for someone who is actually engaged in some type of criminal activity, he added.

In response to an email inquiry from The Final Call to the DOJ seeking response to the ACLU complaint as well as the 2010 IDOT report, a spokesperson said, “The department is reviewing the letter. We decline further comment at this time.”

Southern Christian Leadership Conference President Howard Creecy Dies at 57

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Special to the NNPA from the AFRO-American newspapers –

The Rev. Dr. Howard Creecy Jr., who led the Southern Christian Leadership Conference as president for just seven months, died July 28 of an apparent heart attack. He was 57.

Creecy, a longtime civil-rights activist and father of two, died in the early morning hours at his home in Atlanta. While the cause of his death was not immediately clear, his family suspected he suffered a heart attack. An autopsy has been commissioned, the SCLC said in a statement.

“We thank the community for the outpouring of compassion and condolences during this difficult time,” Creecy’s wife, Yolanda Grier Creecy and his family said in a statement.

According to The New York Times, Creecy was elected president of the civil rights group in January after Bernice King, daughter of the organization’s founder Dr. Martin Luther King, declined the position. He had previously served as interim president of the conference, which was founded in 1957.

Isaac Newton Farris Jr., the nephew of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., will now assume the role of interim president.

“We are shocked,” Farris stated. “As far as I knew, Howard was in great health. He has been my lifelong friend; this news hits me at my core. Howard has been a prophetic leader who deeply inspired me along with countless others across this great nation and world. From his inspired leadership, which revitalized the SCLC, we will work to continue on the path that he and leaders like Martin Luther King Jr. lay before us.”

Activist, Politician Julian Bond Looks Back at Civil Rights Past

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By Gregg Reese, Special to the NNPA from Our Weekly –

Social activist and civil rights leader Julian Bond became the latest speaker at the Zócalo Public Square lecture series held in the Petersen Automotive Museum, in Los Angeles.

Displaying the charisma and easy intellect that served him well as a public servant to an overflow audience, including moderator Warren Olney of public radio station KCRW, he reflected on the highlights of his career, from his role as a founder of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) in 1960 and the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC) in 1971. Between heading those two organizations, he was part of the inner circle of the movement to end segregation throughout the South.

As a result of this activity and his well-publicized opposition to the Vietnam War, he and other civil rights colleagues were the subject of scrutiny by law enforcement from the stereotypical redneck sheriffs in Dixie backwater communities to the federal minions of FBI honcho J. Edgar Hoover. Reflecting on the fear that was a by-product of those volatile times, Bond ruefully noted “we were always right on the edge of paranoia, but even paranoids have enemies.”

After election to the Georgia House of Representatives and Senate, followed by a stretch teaching at universities like Harvard and University of Virginia, Bond was compelled to link up with the most prominent civil rights organization, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in 1998. The dissolution of once-thriving groups like SNCC, along with financial and internal strife within the NAACP prompted this move, and after assuming the role of chairman, he helped the venerable institution become financially solvent, increase its membership, and he exerted a strong political presence, demonstrated by a dramatic increase in Black voter turnout as the millennium approached.

Bond continued as chairman through the association’s 100th anniversary in 2009, while exhorting it to champion the rights of other disenfranchised groups (his appearance at Zócalo coincides with the NAACP’s 102nd convention being held at the Los Angeles Convention Center). He has become a vocal supporter of gay and lesbian civil rights, along with same-sex marriage (infamously boycotting the funeral of Coretta Scott King, because it was held in a church notoriously opposed to gay rights).

He suggested that the root of Black cultural hostility toward homosexuality might be rooted in the conservative Christian dogma that serves as the bedrock of many African American communities, but suggests that antipathy toward gay issues is changing.

Bond summed up the NAACP’s accomplishments by stating that it enabled the election of Barack Obama to the presidency. The fear and suspicion that are a by-product of his civil rights experiences precluded his personal commitment to the Obama campaign, since he reasoned his would be a wasted vote for a candidate who couldn’t possibly win, but the pivotal victory in the Iowa primary proved to be his own private mid-life epiphany.

Even so, he did not anticipate the intensity of the racism coming from factions within the Republican Party, and Bond believes it will continue to cast a shadow over the rest of Obama’s tenure, regardless of his re-election or limitation to just one term.

“I think he faces an unusual amount of hostility from the other party,” he declared. “Is it because he’s from Chicago? Is it because he’s tall and thin? No, it’s because he’s Black.”

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