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Americans Take to the Street to Protest Police Killings

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By Jazelle Hunt
NNPA Washington Correspondent

WASHINGTON (NNPA) – On Saturday, thousands of Americans across the country registered their objection to police officers not being held accountable after killing unarmed citizens, many of them Blacks, by mounting massive demonstrations and rallies, the main one held here in the nation’s capital.

Organized by major civil rights organizations, the goal of the protest was to demand federal intervention in state prosecutorial systems that have failed to indict anyone in the police killings of victims such as Michael Brown, Eric Garner, Aiyana Stanley-Jones, and Pearlie Golden.

“We must have this nation deal with the fact that just like 50 years ago, the states have taken a position to rob the human rights and civil rights of citizens with states rights-protected laws,” said Al Sharpton, the rally’s chief organizer.

The demands by Sharpton included: expanding the powers for the Justice Department to investigate state prosecution procedures; national legislation to lower the threshold for grand jury indictments of police officers; and independent special prosecutors to examine potential cases of police brutality or misconduct.

The march drew a multiracial, intergenerational sea of sign-toting citizens from all over the nation.

Wanda Sharif, from Beaumont, Texas, had already been in Washington to help care for her grandchild, but extended her visit to attend the march. The grandmother of seven recalled marching with Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. at 11 years old, and attending all-White schools until enrolling at Spelman College in Atlanta.

“I’ve been doing this for three generations. I have to be here to document for my grandchildren, so they know I was here,” she says. “It’s important that everybody sees – not just America, but the whole world should see that we have not made all the progress and accomplished all that we thought we did. More and more eyes are opening. We’re still fighting for the same things we were fighting for in the ‘60s.”

Washington D.C. residents Albert and Andrea Elliott brought their 12-year-old grandson, Jeremiah, to use the march as a teachable moment.

“I brought my grandson to his first march so he understands that what he is doing is right. We’re teaching him solidarity…and that he can speak up and be nonviolent without being afraid,” she says. “We as a people have to stick together and be more involved…. We have to go to the source, where the laws are made, to put our foot on their necks.”

As they planned their attendance, Jeremiah asked about previous civil rights demonstrations, police violence, and tear gas.

“It’s not fair to kill Black people because you have the power and authority to do stuff like this that we can’t,” he says of his personal reasons for attending. “I don’t think it’s fair to kill Black people for no reason.”

University of Maryland students and Divine Nine fraternity members Marcus Davis, Justin Ferguson, and Akiel Pyant carried a “Black Lives Matter” banner.

“I’m here because I’m concerned about the future. If our grandparents went through this, and we’re going through this, Lord only knows what my grandchildren will go through,” says Davis, a member of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity.

The light police presence blocked traffic and generally stayed out of the way as the loud but peaceful processional traveled six blocks to the main stage at the foot of the Capitol’s front lawn. Both national and international media were present, as well as union organizations, Black Greek letter organizations, civic and grassroots organizations, student groups, and families. Marvin Gaye’s ‘What’s Going On’ and ‘What’s Happening Brother’ met the marchers as they arrived at the main stage, where media trucks, government Suburbans, and a stilted press box overflowing with photographers flanked the crowds.

With the Capitol as a backdrop, the main stage featured a lineup of speakers including Representative Al Green (D-Texas), Newark, N.J. Mayor, Ras Baraka, Howard University Student Association President, Leighton Watson, and more. Activist and radio host, Joe “The Black Eagle” Madison served as master of ceremonies.

The lineup also featured the unexpected addition of a young contingent of Ferguson, Mo. protesters. At the gathering point before the march, where a different set of speakers addressed the crowd, about 15 members of the ad-hoc D.C. Ferguson group occupied the stage area, using chants and bullhorns to call attention to the fact that Ferguson protesters had not been invited as partners.

The group has been demonstrating since August, and was responsible for shutting down I-395 in protest last month.

Two DC Ferguson members and one Ferguson native and protester bypassed security and took to the stage. Security attempted to remove them without force. As the NAN speaker at the podium tried to speak over the commotion with calls for “respect for one another” and unity, Erika Totten, one of the D.C. Ferguson members onstage, used a bullhorn to say, “They have been out there for more than 100 days.”

After several minutes of heated exchange onstage between the contingent and several National Action Network organizers, the organizers allowed Totten to speak at the podium. She spoke very briefly then passed the microphone to St. Louis native and Ferguson protester, Johnetta Elzie.

“I’ve been in Ferguson for 127 days. I got shot one time with a rubber bullet standing on my neighborhood street. I’ve been tear gassed nine times in a neighborhood where I pay taxes, because I decided to exercise my First Amendment rights and go protest for the death of Mike Brown,” Elzie said. “This movement was started by the young people. We started this. It should be young people all over this stage.”

Afterward, an NAN representative approached the group and spoke to Totten about building an alliance.

At the main stage after the march, Rep. Green, Madison, and Sharpton addressed the discord between youth and grassroots actions, and those organized by civil rights leaders.

“We who are a little older, a little grayer, are proud of the young people speaking out,” said Madison, referring to youth protesters as young John Lewises and Fanie Lou Hamer, two civil rights legends.

Green echoed similar statements, adding that elders were not here to lead, but to “get out of the way.”

Sharpton added, “We don’t all agree with each other. We don’t all have the same tactics. But we all have the same goal, and that is equal protection under the law. This is not a Black march, or a White march…it is an American march for the rights of all American people.”

The Washington march was also the only one attended by the families of well-known unarmed Black male victims: Eric Garner, Michael Brown, Akai Gurley, Tamir Rice, John Crawford III, Lavar Jones, Cory Ball Jr., Trayvon Martin, and Amadou Diallo. All of the families were given time to speak.

“We’ve been here so many times. I know in 2000, when the four White officers were acquitted of killing my son, of all charges, I thought the world was ending,” said Kadiatou Diallo. Her unarmed son Amadou Diallo was shot 41 times by four New York Police Department officers in 1999. “…We said stop police brutality then. And today, 16 years later, we’re here demanding the same thing.”

After the march, traffic slowly reopened and the crowd mingled, making connections, walking back to chartered buses, and taking photos. Waiting for police to allow buses through, Washington resident Hassan Furtick encouraged his son to record the passing demonstrators and thank them.

“I don’t like [police shootings]. That could be mine. There’s no justice for us, but if it was one of theirs, there would be justice,” he said. He hadn’t talked to his son about the shootings, but ideas were already forming.

“People feel unsafe and not comfortable going outside. When there is an emergency you’re supposed to call 911. There’s no reason for people to have to feel unsafe,” says 11-year-old Hassan Furtick Jr. “Black people should not be living like this. People say Black people are not going to make it in life, and bad things will always happen to us, but we try to make it work. And we will keep trying.”

Black Officers: White Culture Impairs Policing Blacks

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By Chloe Herring
Special to the NNPA from The Miami Times

The failed indictments of police officers who killed Eric Garner and Michael Brown have unleashed ideas that the Jim Crow era of racism is still disguised in U.S. society.

Recent images of hostility displayed toward mourning protesters in Ferguson, Mo. rehashed parallels to violent police tactics during the civil rights movement.

Those images ripped the Band-Aid off a sore that festered openly after a white police officer killed unarmed Brown. And while many police publicly defend the actions of cops, Black people across the country are angered by what many view as aggressive mistreatment.

To many, it seemed as though the country had been set back six decades.


It was 60 years ago that the career began for one police officer who served Miami’s Black neighborhoods on a segregated police force. Archie McKay, 89, has witnessed the evolution of policing Blacks — a task that before 1944 was restricted to white officers only.

McKay said white policemen would create havoc in Black areas then abandon them to return home to the white parts of town.

“Most time the only time you saw white police officers is when a politician wanted to raid a number house or something happened like a murder or robbery that a black was accused of and you saw them run through like they were Gestapos,” McKay said. “You had white police officers who would come in the neighborhood and run rough shod over the people and get back on the other side. There was no communication.”

The lopsided power exerted by police on Blacks during the Jim Crow era mirrors phenomena targeting the same demographic today and throughout history. Relations between Blacks and the police in Miami have also been historically tense. Racist practices were central to police operation and kept Black and white police separated even 20 years after the city of Miami hired its first Black police officers in 1944.

McKay became a police officer 10 years later. In 1954 McKay was a tall, lanky young man who barely made the cut for weight at 145 pounds. McKay said the community’s perception of Black police was initially shaped by abusive white officers.

“Everybody didn’t accept Black police officers readily because of the way they were treated by white police officers. You were an Uncle Tom and ‘you’re just a white man’s snitch’ and all these kinds of things that were said,” he said.


It took time for Black police to build the trust of their own communities. But McKay said two things were instrumental: the interaction from living and working in Overtown, Liberty City and West Grove and understanding Black culture.

“Most of us grew up in the neighborhood, attended the local schools and therefore we knew the parents, comrades, students and playmates,” McKay said. “That’s why we were so cohesive because we were a community in a small area designated to Blacks.”

Community engagement was key to that interaction Black police had, especially with youth. The police precinct held an annual ball, the Orange Blossom Classic Parade and started up the Police Athletic League. Segregation created a familial atmosphere that included even the Black men in blue.

Cleveland Police Killing of Tamir Rice Pains a Mother, Renews Demands for Justice

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‘I’m still waiting on the police to tell me what happened to my baby’

By Starla Muhammad and J.A. Salaam
Special to the NNPA from The Final Call

CLEVELAND – Family, friends, clergy and community residents packed Mount Sinai Baptist Church in Cleveland to say good-bye and cherish the memory of 12-year-old Tamir Rice who was shot and killed by Cleveland police at a recreation center on the city’s West Side, one and a half weeks earlier.

Emotional and touching tributes were shared, including sentiments from Jessica Tsoufiou, a teacher at Marion C. Seltzer Elementary School where Tamir was a student.

Pictures of the handsome bright-eyed sixth grader were adorned on several displays in front of the pulpit along with sprays of colorful flowers. One display read, “Summoned by Angels: Tamir E. Rice, Called by Name, June 15, 2002, Called by God, Nov. 23, 2014.”  Family members wore t-shirts and sweatshirts emblazoned with Tamir’s name and image.

Having to pause briefly at times Dec. 3 during her emotional remarks, Ms. Tsoufiou said Tamir was well liked, enjoyed helping his classmates and liked to draw and play basketball. He was a member of the drum line and though at times struggled academically, he “consistently came to school every day.” He always laughed and smiled even with students he did not know, said Ms. Tsoufiou. Though his body is not there, he will always be in my heart, she added.

“I thank you for your son’s life, he will be greatly missed,” said Ms. Tsoufiou as she looked at Samaria Rice, Tamir’s mother.

Ms. Rice took a few minutes to speak with The Final Call in the midst of her pain. She wore a dark pair of shaded glasses and still seemed to be in a daze. She spoke after the funeral.

“I’m speechless, what am I supposed to say? I’m still waiting on someone to come knock on my door. I’m still waiting on the police or someone to tell me what happened to my baby. I don’t know why all I’ve seen and know is what I’ve seen on the video. There’s still nothing, aren’t a mother supposed to know when her child is acting up?” she asked.

“Somebody should have told me something. He was right across the street from the house playing like he always does. He’s part of the community center,” said Ms. Rice.

Others shared her grief and difficulty accepting the boy’s death. (See Final Call Vol. 34, No. 9).

People from across the country were in attendance sharing the pain and grief of the Rice family. Among them was Tory Russell, of Hands Up United from Ferguson, Mo. and over 500 people filled Mount Sinai Baptist Church pews.

“I came from Ferguson to let you know you are not alone and we are with you all the way. We stand with you and will fight until we get answers and justice for your son, our little brother. We are a family and we are all affected by this and it has to stop,” said Mr. Russell.

“What you have is bad apples. It’s like a family and the police department is like that. What you have are people who do evil things. You have good and bad but the good ones won’t call the bad ones or evil ones out. So you have the bad ones that make them all look bad. In my opinion they murdered that child, now it should be transparency clean it up and bring justice to the situation. Like a family they should hold him accountable, but they got that blue shield and won’t call him out,” said Michael Africa, who attended the funeral.

“It’s hard because we used to play basketball and stuff; he was a cool person; he didn’t mess with nobody, he’ll be like chillin.’ He would always laugh,” said Tamir’s 14-year-old friend Rashad Ruffin.

“I just don’t understand how can it be okay for young Black man Mike Brown, Tamir Rice to be shot and killed and nothing happens, but somebody can go to jail for killing a dog but someone can kill a Black man and just be free? I feel it’s open season, it’s sad,” added Terresa Russell.

Why did Tamir have to die?

The cause and circumstances surrounding Tamir’s death were also on the forefront of the hearts and minds of those that gathered. During the service there were vows that Tamir’s death would  not be in vain.

Tamir’s young fragile life was snuffed out like a candle in the wind, Michael Petty, his uncle told the audience. He ran down a list of accomplishments and experiences his nephew will never get to enjoy: attending a prom, getting a job, graduating high school, getting married or having children.

Mr. Petty reminded the audience since Tamir can no longer speak for himself, “we must now be his voice and his advocate through reform.” Among changes needed are the way information is relayed from 911 dispatchers to law enforcement and restructuring of police officer training nationwide, he said.

“Police officers are public servants, not James Bond with a license to kill,” said Mr. Petty, who on behalf of his family, thanked residents for their support and prayers.

Incompetent, overzealous cop?

Tamir was playing in a park at Cudell Recreation Center with a fake gun that shot non-lethal projectiles. Video recording of the incident showed Tamir pointing it at a passerby and stopping occasionally to play in the snow. According to reports, a caller reported seeing someone described as “probably a juvenile” brandishing a gun that was “probably fake” to 911. The dispatcher reportedly did not relay that information to responding officers, one of whom was Timothy Loehmann, a 26-year-old rookie who shot Tamir less than two seconds after the patrol car pulled into the park on Nov. 22. Tamir died the next day. The coroner listed the cause of death as a gunshot wound to the torso with injuries to major vessels, pelvis and intestines.

The Cuyahoga County Medical Examiner ruled the boy’s death a homicide.

According to media reports, Ofc. Loehmann had a “dismal” performance as a member of the suburban Independence Police Department where he briefly worked before joining Cleveland’s police force in March. One 2012 incident described Ofc. Loehmann as “distracted and weepy” and “not mentally prepared to be doing firearm training.” He allegedly blamed his behavior on a problem he was having with his girlfriend.

According to Ofc. Loehmann’s personnel file, portions of which are posted on Cleveland.com, there were three incidents which lead to concerns about his competency. “Individually these events would not be considered major situations, but when taken together they show a pattern of a lack of maturity, indiscretion and not following instructions,” said the file. Deputy Chief Jim Polak in a Nov. 29, 2012 letter to the human resources director of the Independence Police Department said Ofc. Loehmann displayed emotional immaturity and circumvented directions that no amount of time or training would change or correct. He was preparing to meet Ofc. Loehmann, “to advise him I was beginning the disciplinary process of separation.” The men met at a Dec. 3, 2012 meeting and Ofc. Loehmann decided to resign instead, said the letter.

Cleveland police stated they did not review the file prior to hiring Ofc. Loehmann, something longtime local activist John A. Boyd does not believe. He doubts that Tamir was a minor and the gun was fake was not relayed to the police by dispatch.

“I only say that because the way they rolled up on the child. They pulled right up on him, less than 10 feet. You clearly can see that this was not an adult and if they thought that they were in danger they would have never rolled up on the situation where there was a gun involved that close,” said Mr. Boyd, a former city council candidate.

The Cuyahoga County prosecutor’s office will determine if any charges will be filed against the officers.

“This cracker was just on a mission to kill someone Black, that’s all that was,” said Mr. Boyd.

History of brutality

Cleveland is no stranger to conflict between the Black community and police. Recent high profile cases of officer-involved shootings and allegations of brutality have dogged the department. The date Nov. 29 marked two years from what residents call “the Cleveland atrocity.”

Timothy Ray Russell, 43, and Malissa Williams, 30, both Black were killed by police when 13 officers unloaded 137 bullets into the unarmed couple’s car at the end of a high speed chase. Of the 13 officers that fired weapons 12 were White, one was Latino. That incident was investigated and Ohio’s State Attorney Mike DeWine released a comprehensive report stating there was several “systematic failures” within Cleveland’s Police Department that lead to the tragedy.

The city recently settled with the families of Mr. Russell and Ms. Williams for $3 million.

A grand jury earlier this year indicted five police supervisors and one officer as a result of the shooting. They are all currently awaiting trial.

Eight of the White officers and the Latino officer are currently suing in federal court for discrimination, breach of employment and civil rights violations.

In the two years since the shooting, the relationship between the Black community and police has not gotten much better and the death of Tamir Rice manifests distrust and anger that the community has endured for years, activists charge.

The U.S. Justice Department investigated the Cleveland Police Department’s use of force in 2000, the results were released in 2004 and called for better training of officers and improvement on how complaints of brutality and police shootings were investigated.

Dehumanizing Black children?

A study released earlier this year on a sampling of college students and police officers found both groups perceived Black boys as older than they really were and less innocent than their White counterparts.

The study, “The Essence of Innocence: Consequences of Dehumanizing Black Children,” was  published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Blacks were seen as less innocent than Whites and people generally and for every age group older than age 9, Black children and adults were rated as significantly less innocent than White children and adults generally, said the report.

The height, weight and alleged physical strength and appearance of Trayvon Martin, 17, Mike Brown Jr., 18, and  even Eric Garner, 43, all came into play when they were described in media reports. In young Tamir’s case, the fact he was 12 and obviously a child did not come into play at all based on the police response. The Essence of Innocence study finding “suggests that Black children may be viewed as adults as soon as 13, with average age overestimations of Black children exceeding four and a half years in some cases.” Meaning a 13-year-old Black child is viewed like a 17-year-old.

“Our findings,” said the report, “suggest that, although most children are allowed to be innocent until adulthood, Black children may be perceived as innocent only until deemed suspicious.”

Cleveland resident Mariah Crenshaw has sons and when she saw the video of police shooting Tamir, her heart sunk. She pictured her children and remembers her sons playing in the park when they were little and playing at home with toy guns.

“Never in my mind did I once think boy toys would get them killed,” she said. She has seen comments posted on social media of people saying that Tamir “deserved it.”

“I can’t understand the mentality of many people who can justify what they saw on that tape. I just can’t conceive it.”

The federal and community response

After a 20-month investigation conducted by the U.S. Department of Justice, Attorney General Eric Holder announced at a Dec. 4 press conference that the Cleveland Police Department had a history of systematic brutality and incompetence.

Attorney General Holder was joined by members of his staff, Cleveland Mayor Frank Jackson and Cleveland Police Chief Calvin Williams, both of whom are Black, in announcing the findings.

The investigation concluded there is reasonable cause to believe that Cleveland police officers engage in a pattern or practice of unreasonable and in some cases unnecessary force in violation of the Fourth Amendment of the Constitution, Justice Dept. officials said.

The investigation also concluded the Cleveland Police Department failed to fully and objectively investigate allegations of misconduct, identify and respond to patterns of at-risk behavior and implement effective community policing strategies.

Local activists, clergy and other groups have been meeting and strategizing on what additional steps are needed to address problems that exist between police and Cleveland’s Black residents.

“We need to look at all the options that are available to police across the country that are being used to apprehend people, American citizens whether they are Black or White … instead of using deadly force,” said Ms.  Crenshaw. “Deadly force in Cleveland, Ohio has become the only method of apprehending people in this city of African American descent.”

Ms. Crenshaw said her criticisms are not an indictment of police officers because she has family and friends in law enforcement, but  she sees the problem of injustice. She is in favor of changing the weapons cops have access to.

Anything that can be put in place in the form of laws or training to make sure police would operate fairly and justly would be helpful, said Mr. Boyd. He is not overly optimistic. Law enforcement and judges function from their personal biases and racism, said Mr. Boyd.

“I don’t care how much training you give these crackers, you’re not going to change their heart, because that’s where it’s at … you can’t legislate people’s hearts,” said Mr. Boyd.

A copy of the Justice Department report on the Cleveland Division of Police is available at www.documentcloud.org/documents/1375050-doc.html

(Follow Final Call Assistant Editor  Starla Muhammad on Twitter: @simplystarla23. Follow Final Call writer J.A. Salaam on Twitter: @drjasalaam).

Brooklyn District Attorney Ken Thompson to Probe Death of Police Shooting Victim Akai Gurley

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By Tony Best
Special to the NNPA from the New York Daily News

To the New York Police Department the fatal shooting of Akai Gurley in the dark stairwell of a public housing project in Brooklyn was an accident but Brooklyn’s District attorney, Ken Thompson, wants to find out for himself what really happened last month.

As at least 150 mourners were getting ready for a funeral service at the Brown Memorial Baptist Church and to bury the victim hours later, the newly elected DA promised Gurley’s relatives, civil rights activists and others interested in the spate of fatal shootings of young Black men in New York and the rest of the country by white police officers that his office would conduct a thorough and independent probe into what led to the fatal shooting of the 28 year old father by a rookie cop, Peter Liang. Thompson is expected to call Liang before a grand jury the DA plans to impanel to hear evidence. The cop claimed his gun went off accidentally while he was holding a flashlight in one hand in the pitch-dark stairwell of the Pink Houses project while carrying his upholstered gun in another on the night of November 20th.

“An unfortunate accident,” was the way Police Commissioner Bill Bratton described the shooting which was on a list of several police killings of Black males in New York and other parts of the country this year.

Hundreds of thousands of people in many of the nation’s major cities have taken to the streets to protest the killings, Gurley’s among them, calling for justice for the victims’ families.

Sylvia Palmer, the dead man’s mother, has joined those calling for a probe of the shooting and an indictment of the police officer, saying, “there’s nothing in this world that can heal my pain and my heartache. I need justice for my son because my son didn’t deserve to die like that.”

Kimberley Ballinger, the mother of Gurley’s two year old daughter, added her voice to the calls for justice.

“”We want justice. I want to see an indictment,” said Ballinger.

The Rev. Al Sharpton, leader of the National Action Network, a major civil rights organization with headquarters in Harlem has joined in the demands for an investigation, even after he dropped plans to attend the Saturday morning funeral service that was also attended by Public Advocate Letitia James, New York City Council member Inez Barron, and her husband, Charles Barron, the newly elected East New York State Assemblyman.

“It’s very painful for the family,” the Assemblyman-elect Barron told a City newspaper a few days ago.

The Rev. Sharpton, who was originally scheduled to address mourners at the funeral service decided to bow out of the proceedings after his announced involvement triggered a split in the Gurley family. He had been invited to speak at Ballinger’s invitation but he withdrew after some relatives objected.

“I don’t want to get in the middle of it,” meaning a family dispute, said the Rev. Sharpton who has vowed to continue speaking for justice for the family

The Rev. Dennis Dillon, a prominent church leader and publisher of the Christian Times newspaper described Gurley’s death as a real tragedy.

Spelman College Suspends Bill Cosby Chair in Wake of Rape Allegations

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By Terry Shropshire
Special to the NNPA from the Atlanta Daily World

Iconic HBCU powerhouse Spelman College, which once receive a $20 million gift from comedy legend Bill Cosby, has now suspended The Cosby Chair for the Humanities indefinitely until the score of rape allegations get resolved.

The Cosby Chair is an endowed professorship at the all-female, predominantly-black college in Atlanta, which was subsidized by the Bill and Camille Cosby honorarium to the school in the 1980s.

Spelman had previously refused to comment nor suspend the chair previously, despite the almost daily allegations of sexual assault claims against the venerated comedian and former star behind the record-breaking “Cosby Show.” However, the stakes were raised exponentially when former supermodel Beverly Johnson gave a painstakingly detailed account to a major magazine stating that Cosby allegedly drugged her at his home in an effort to rape her.

The accumulation of allegations against Cosby has proven to be too much for the esteemed all-female black college in Atlanta.

“The William and Camille Olivia Hanks Cosby Endowed Professorship was established to bring positive attention and accomplished visiting scholars to Spelman College in order to enhance our intellectual, cultural and creative life,” a school spokeswoman said, according to the Atlanta Journal-Constitution. “The current context prevents us from continuing to meet these objectives fully. Consequently, we will suspend the program until such time that the original goals can again be met.”

The deconstruction of Cosby’s legend and seemingly infallible image has been spectacular as it has been tragic. Spelman suspension of the Cosby Chair follows his resignation from the board of trustees at Temple University after 32 years and as an honorary co-chair of the University of Massachusetts at Amherst’s capital campaign. High Point University in North Carolina removed Cosby from its national board of advisers, and the Berklee School of Music stopped granting a scholarship in his name.

The donation subsidized the Camille Olivia Hanks Cosby, Ed.D. Academic Center, which houses the Spelman College Museum of Fine Art, the college archives and offices.

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