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Black Staffers Battle Racism and Discrimination at World Bank

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By Barrington M. Salmon
Special to the NNPA from The Washington Informer

For more than seven years, Yonas Biru has been fighting the World Bank.

The Ethiopian native and Silver Spring, Md., resident said he’s learned the hard way the price of being black at the venerable institution.

Biru, a married father of three, says the World Bank dismissed him because he challenged his bosses when they passed him over for a promotion. He was punished, he said, for refusing to accept the racist and discriminatory treatment commonly meted out to blacks by the Bank’s managers and supervisors.

“I came to the U.S. with $12 in my pocket. I had to work at a hotel as a room service waiter to finance my education,” Biru said. “There were some winters when I couldn’t buy shoes because I had to buy books, pay for my education. Now I have no professional identity. They stole it.

“Nobody’s going to question that the World Bank would do something like this. If you look in the public domain, they say everything I say is an exaggeration,” he said. “When I asked the bank to give me my employment records, they refused. They signed, sealed and archived my records seven years ago. I cannot write a curriculum vita saying I was a manager.”

Biru said he fled Ethiopia because his mother was a close relative of former Emperor Haile Selassie and their lives were in danger as the communist government that overthrew the monarchy in 1974 murdered and imprisoned royals, nobility and perceived opponents.

“I thought I was coming to a land of opportunity, work hard, succeed. I worked so hard, for so long, got a Ph.D. in economics from George Mason University and worked for the Bank,” Biru said.

The abrupt and bitter end to his World Bank career proved to be a deep contrast to the excitement and promise the job once engendered.

“I joined the Bank in 1993,” he said. “And in 1999, I was appointed to reform a program that was dying. At the time, the International Comparison Program (ICP) was one of the most important in the Bank. A United Nations committee investigated the program and saw the need for an organizational, institutional, operational, financial and meteorological overhaul. The Bank called the director and she gave me the job.”

“She said we don’t have resources, but if the programs died, I’d lose my job. I knew I could turn it around with her support. It was a one-man shop but by 2002, I had turned it around. We had hubs in Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Middle East. I was getting perfect evaluations just short of saying I walked on water.”

“From 2001 to 2009, Biru said he managed research in critical areas that stabilized and strengthened the ICP. He also developed and coordinated ICP regional programs in Asia, Latin America, and Western Asia. Biru racked up frequent flier miles meeting with and encouraging partners in farflung parts of the world to participate in the program, and for seven years, he said he managed fundraising and was responsible for expanding the scope of the program’s global partnership.

Angelou's Tribute to Mandela to be Soon Published as Book

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By Zenitha Prince
Special to the NNPA from the Afro-American Newspaper

Maya Angelou’s moving tribute to fallen South African leader Nelson Mandela, called “His Day Is Done,” will be preserved in book format just in time for Black History Month.

“I’m delighted, honored, pleased and just over the moon,” Angelou told theAFRO of Random House’s decision to publish the slim tome.

When news of Mandela’s declining health first made headlines nearly two years ago, Angelou said she was contacted by the U.S. State Department and asked to write a tribute to the beloved African leader on behalf of the American people. They wanted to be prepared for his possible death, they said, and asked her to keep the request and the poem secret until at least 48 hours after his passing.

“I knew President Mandela; we had met 50 years ago in Egypt [and] over the years we had developed a close friendship [and] we had great respect and affection for each other,” the acclaimed poet recalled. “It was very hard to write about this person who I liked and adored as if he were dead.”

But she set herself to the task—pouring the thoughts, memories and feelings in her heart and head onto the page before snipping and tucking them into poetic form.

As the wife of South African freedom fighter Vusumzi L. Make of the Pan African Congress, Angelou was often present at gatherings of Mandela and other activists—who were a rowdy lot, she said.

“But among those loud, boisterous voices he [Mandela] was as gentle…and he was generous,” she said. “He spoke to everybody; he had time and a kind word for everybody from the doorman to the housekeeper.”

She hailed his strength, writing in the poem that Mandela was the world’s “David armed with a mere stone, facing down the mighty Goliath” of apartheid. And, after 27 years of imprisonment on Robben Island, this “hope of Africa” burst through the prison doors with “His stupendous heart intact, his gargantuan will hale and hearty.”

She honored his grace, which he demonstrated when he gave his former jailers seats of distinction at his inauguration.

“I think that was one of his great gifts to us—he taught us how to forgive,” Angelou said. “He was a great friend to the world.”

Car Loans from Dealers Higher for Blacks

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Special to the NNPA from The Final Call

WASHINGTON (FinalCall.com) – When the Simpsons went to buy a new car husband Harry felt comfortable that his negotiating skills would get them a decent interest rate.

“I’m a sales rep so I’m negotiating all day with clients. I felt like I could get us a good interest rate and a good deal,” he told The Final Call.

But those skills didn’t work. With relatively good credit, they were still only offered a double digit interest rate. Feeling offended they got up and walked out.

“I felt really strange about the deal. I didn’t think we were getting the best offer we could. Our credit was decent, we had a sizeable down payment and still they offered us a double digit interest,” said Kendra Simpson.

The Simpsons are not alone. A new report by the Center for Responsible Lending found that Blacks and Latinos pay higher interest rates on dealer-financed car loans than White buyers, even though people of color report more attempts to negotiate a better deal.

The report found that 39 percent of Latinos and 32 percent of Blacks reported attempts to negotiate their interest rate, compared to only 22 percent of White respondents—yet buyers of color continually received higher interest rates.

The report, “Non-Negotiable: Negotiation Doesn’t Help African Americans and Latinos on Dealer-Financed Car Loans,” is based on information collected from 946 consumers in a detailed telephone survey conducted in October 2012. The results are consistent with longstanding findings of racial and ethnic discrimination in the auto lending industry.

“As long as dealers can manipulate interest rates, car loans are a gamble for consumers,” said Chris Kukla, Center for Responsible Lending senior vice president. “Car buyers can do their best to negotiate, but they are at the mercy of dealers whose compensation is tied to hidden interest rate increases. That’s a formula for abuse.”

The three factors the study found that can add unnecessary costs to car loans by dealers are: Hidden dealer increases in the interest rate (markups), misleading sales information, and add-on products like insurance and warranties.

Car buyers of color were much more likely to report receiving misleading information about their car loans, and they were nearly twice as likely as White consumers to be sold multiple add-on products.

“Here’s what you have to remember when buying a car, you have to look at the integrity of the organization that is selling the car. You have dealers and you have those say ‘buy here, pay here.’ They are notorious for robbing people,” experienced auto broker Jamil Muhammad told The Final Call. He currently works for a national auto corporation. “Some places will request a down payment and then a down payment for tags, title and taxes. White people only pay one down payment. Know what the existing interest rates are before you go. Blemished credit affects your interest rate. Whites operate from a household worth of nearly $100,000. Blacks generally operate from a household worth of less than $5,000. That makes a difference.”

The report discusses current dealer business practices and incentives that encourage discriminatory pricing on car loans, such as interest rate markups that car dealers than receive as compensation.

These markups are hidden; consumers typically have no idea that dealers can add to their compensation by increasing interest rates. In addition, dealers also increase consumer costs by selling add-on products, like extended warranties, rust proofing and paint protection programs.

“There is also financial redlining in some areas. They only offer the best interest rates to people who live in certain zip codes. Ask the financial officer about the interest rate they are offering and why yours is so high. Above all remember, the car business has lots of crooks in it. You have to watch them,” said Mr. Muhammad.

The survey found dealers sold Blacks and Latinos multiple add-ons 30 percent and 27 percent of the time, respectively, versus only 16 percent of the time for Whites.

The Simpsons have become more educated shoppers. They are not just looking for a new car anymore.

“We are looking for the dealer or even a credit union that can give us the best rate for our money and credit. Desire for a new car is no longer shopping, our educated minds are doing the shopping now. We know we can do better,” said Mr. Simpson.

Despite Affordable Care Act Millions Could Go Without Health Insurance

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By Starla Muhammad
Special to the NNPA from The Final Call

(FinalCall.com) – Though 2014 marks the 50th anniversaries of both the War on Poverty and Civil Rights Act, glaring racial disparities continue permeating the fabric of American society. Stark differences between Blacks and Whites in education, employment, poverty, housing and net worth, are tied to health disparities and access to health insurance coverage, according to this year’s State of the Dream Report.

The report is released annually by United for a Fair Economy to coincide with the King Holiday and examines areas of racial inequality.

“Racial segregation in concentrated poverty effectively creates a toxic soup of health problems and challenges in communities of color,” said Brian Miller, executive director of United for a Fair Economy in a conference call with reporters.

This year’s report, titled, “State of the Dream 2014: Healthcare For Whom? Enduring Racial Disparities” zeroes in on the Affordable Care Act.

The U.S. Supreme Court upheld key portions of the ACA, dubbed “Obamacare” in 2012. But the high court’s ruling also gave each state the authority to opt out of the Medicaid expansion program. The report warns this means millions will still not have health insurance.

Twenty-five states, the majority headed by Republican governors have said or indicated they will reject the expanding Medicaid, said the State of the Dream report. The federal government pays for additional health coverage offered under the Medicaid program but many GOP leaders who fought Obamacare also refuse to accept any funding linked to the program.

“This new 25-state coverage gap will leave millions of Americans without health insurance while exacerbating racial disparities in health and healthcare,” the State of the Dream 2014 report warned.

If states opt out, the report said:

Nearly 5 million people who would have otherwise been covered—disproportionately people of color—will go without health insurance.

Blacks though 13 percent of the population would represent 27 percent of those who would not have insurance.

With the exception of Arkansas, every state in the South, where the majority of Blacks live, is rejecting Medicaid expansion, said Mr. Miller.

According to the U.S. Census, in 2010, 55 percent of the Black population lived in the South, and 105 Southern counties had a Black population of 50 percent or higher.

Blacks and Latinos are pushed into low income, high poverty communities where health problems, lack of access to both health facilities and full service grocery stores are common, said Mr. Miller.

Those groups are also less likely to secure jobs that provide employer provided healthcare, he added.

Medicaid is the federal and state program that provides health coverage to 50-60 million pregnant women, families, children, people with disabilities and the elderly.

To qualify for Medicaid coverage, a family can have an income that is up to 133 percent of the federal poverty level, which was about $29,700 for a family of four in 2011. The federal poverty level is revised yearly. The federal poverty level in 2013 was $23,550 for a family of four.

The Supreme Court ruled the federal government could not force states to expand Medicaid by withholding federal money they would otherwise receive for programs that already exist under Medicaid.

A single payer healthcare system where government instead of private insurers pays healthcare costs would be ideal but until then the ACA and pushing for Medicaid expansion is a step toward closing disparities in health insurance, said analysts that agreed with the United For a Fair Economy report.

United for a Fair Economy hopes this year’s findings, when examined, will result in a better understanding of the ACA and the importance of Medicaid expansion.

“People in states that have opted out are going to say, ‘Oh God, I don’t have health care coverage, this Obamacare program’s a failure.’ Instead of blaming it on the fact that their state policy makers chose not to expand Medicaid they may unfortunately in some cases blame the original legislation and view it as a failure of that. Which it is not,” said Mr. Miller.

Dedrick Muhammad, senior director of the NAACP Economic Department, was one of several policy experts that reviewed and contributed feedback on this year’s State of the Dream report. Despite it being the second term of the country’s first Black president, racial inequities are still very much a reality, he said. Some of the findings show racial disenfranchisement is being further cemented into society, Mr. Muhammad added.

“This really goes to the heart of what Dr. King says; of all forms of inequality, injustice in healthcare is the most shocking and inhumane. We agree and that’s why we wrote this report,” said Mr. Miller.

Pan-African Resistance to Western War Crimes and ICC

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By Amadi Ajamu
Special to the NNPA from the New York Amsterdam News

Further evidence of some Western nations’ political, military and economic war crimes and the blatant collaboration of the International Criminal Court (ICC) was exposed at the second International People’s Tribunal (IPT).

Prosecutors of IPT took aim at war crimes and crimes against humanity perpetrated by the United States, Britain, France, Canada and NATO allied countries. They argued about new evidence to the criminal case submitted to the first IPT in January 2012, which was subsequently delivered to the ICC in The Hague, Netherlands, in June 2012. Now, more than a year later, the ICC chief prosecutor has not responded to the communication.

This time, IPT prosecutors also argued about evidence exposing the ICC itself as a collaborator in Western war crimes and crimes against humanity, particularly regarding its unrelenting focus on prosecuting economically progressive African leaders.

The IPT was conducted in Columbia University Law School on Jan. 25 in front of a panel of three judges: Queen’s Counsel Courtenay Griffiths, a prominent London-based attorney who defended former Liberian President Charles Taylor in the high-profile case before the Special Court for Sierra Leone in the Hague; Lennox Hinds, Esq., who has argued before the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda; and Ashanti Chimurenga, Esq., who has argued before the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights.

Griffiths, initially outfitted in British wig and robes, which he promptly and unceremoniously discarded, opened the proceedings with an extensive statement on Western power and its political-economic interest in Africa’s natural resources. “If you declare yourself to be an empire and you’re the emperor that sits in the White House, when you take upon yourself the right to send your troops anywhere you like on the globe, the last thing you’re going to want is for them to be detained and sent to The Hague for trial. Empires do not operate like that. It is a basic rule of empire building. That is why the U.S. has made unilateral treaties around the globe with many countries, which, on pain of being refused aid, cannot hand over the U.S. citizens to The Hague,” he said.

“One of the essential and fundamental difficulties which has historically faced the idea of international criminal law is the absence of the machinery to enforce its writ. Here within the United States or within any sovereign nation, if you make a law, you’ve got a police force and ultimately an army to enforce it,” Griffiths said. “The ICC has none of that, and that’s one of the biggest flaws. So lacking its own enforcement mechanism, the International Tribunals have relied upon cooperating states to execute its arrest warrants and bring fugitives to justice. The United States and NATO have shown an increasing willingness to fill this void.”

The IPT prosecutors, including attorneys Roger S. Wareham, King Downing, Joan Gibbs, Alfred Toussaint and Sylvester Kouadio, charged the Western states with war crimes and crimes against humanity against Libya, Haiti, Cote d’Ivoire, Zimbabwe and Black people of the United States. Extensive and compelling evidence was heard by the panel of judges.

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