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Lawless Police Create Mayhem in Nigeria, New Report Says

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Special to the NNPA from GIN –

(GIN) – Police in this oil-rich nation routinely shake down citizens for everything from bus fare money to expensive flat-screen plasma TV sets. Illegal arrests and torture are commonplace, and some victims lose their life over as little as 13 cents.

This was the dismal finding of the New York-based Human Rights Watch that has been studying entrenched corruption in the ranks of the Nigeria Police Force.

Their new report, “Everyone’s in on the Game” Corruption and Human Rights Abuses by the Nigeria Police Force,” is based on field research in Nigeria in 2008, 2009 and 2010. Researchers looked at three states: Lagos, Anambra, and Kaduna, representing three of the six geopolitical zones in Nigeria; as well as in Abuja, the capital, Rivers and Ebonyi State.

The report also shows how government ministers and officials charged with police oversight, have failed to root out corruption. Public complaint mechanisms, internal police controls, and civilian oversight remain weak, underfunded, and ineffective.

Police spokesman Emmanuel Ojukwu called the report “largely embellished innuendos” reaching a preconceived conclusion, but he also criticized corrupt officers on the department’s website.

Writing on the SaharaReporters anti-corruption website, “Nigerian1” observed: “The only difference between the arm robbers and Nigerian police is that the police bring their victims in police station (where citizens right should be protected), abuse then rob their families while the arm robbers take victims in hide outs and demand ransom, same practice different tactics.”

The full report can be found at http://www.hrw.org/node/92390

Split Widens Between U.S. and Africa Over Sudan

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Special to the NNPA from GIN –

(GIN) – African leaders and U.S. policymakers appear to be heading for a collision over an approach to the President of Sudan, Omar al Bashir. The Sudanese leader is facing charges by the International Criminal Court for war crimes and genocide during the bitter seven-year conflict in Darfur.

Malawian president Bingu wa Mutharika, who holds the rotating African Union presidency, urged the continent's leaders to resolve the conflict in the Sudan without the need to have Bashir arrested.

Subjecting a sovereign head of state to an arrest warrant was undermining African solidarity and African peace and security that they had fought for so many years, he said.

But in Washington, U.S. policymakers appear to favor a hardline approach outlined by the U.S. ambassador to the U.N. Susan Rice. Current U.S. special envoy to Sudan, ret. Maj. Gen. Scott Gration, favored incentives over sanctions and pressure, but he is unpopular with Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and Ambassador Rice and may be pushed off to Kenya for a new job.

Obama signs Jobs Bill as CBC Chair Calls for Specific Help for Blacks

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By Hazel Trice Edney, NNPA Editor-in-Chief –

WASHINGTON (NNPA) – As the Black unemployment rate rose slightly last month, President Obama has signed the long-awaited jobs bill with hopes of turning around employment rates, which for African-Americans still nearly doubles the national average of 9.5 percent.

“The Manufacturing Enhancement Act of 2010 will create jobs, help American companies compete, and strengthen manufacturing as a key driver of our economic recovery,” Obama said during a bill signing ceremony at the White House last week. “To make their products, manufacturers - some of whom are represented here today - often have to import certain materials from other countries and pay tariffs on those materials. This legislation will reduce or eliminate some of those tariffs, which will significantly lower costs for American companies across the manufacturing landscape -– from cars to chemicals; medical devices to sporting goods. And that will boost output, support good jobs here at home, and lower prices for American consumers.”

Obama’s stroke of the pen will not wipe out all of the damage done during the economic crisis that started in earnest during the Bush Administration. But, there are high hopes in Black communities where the jobless rate reached back to 15.6 percent last month, up from 15.4 in June, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Unemployment among Black males – though dropped significantly from its high of 19 percent in March of this year - is still at 16.7 percent, nearly twice the average White rate of 8.6 and White male rate of 8.8 percent.

There is contention among some that Obama may need to take specific actions to help quell the disparate economic suffering in the Black community.

“Unemployment rates for African-Americans and Latinos remain unacceptably high at 15.6 percent and 12.1 percent, respectively, and highlighting the disproportionate impact the recession has had and the need for targeted efforts to address chronic unemployment,” said Congressional Black Caucus Chair Barbara Lee (D-Calif). in a statement.

In the President’s bill-signing statement, there was no specific mention of the Black unemployment rate at the bill signing Aug. 11. However, earlier this month, Obama acknowledged to thousands at the National Urban League Convention that Black communities had already been hit substantially by the economy before he ever took office.

“The African-American unemployment rate was already much higher, the incomes and wealth of African-American families already lower,” he said. “There was less of a cushion. Many minority communities -- whether in big cities or rural towns -- had seen businesses and opportunities vanish for years, stores boarded up, young people hanging out on the street corners without prospects for the future.”

He added, “So when we came in to office, we focused not just on rescuing our economy in the short run, but rebuilding our economy for the long run -- creating an economy that lifts up all Americans.”

He also told the NUL crowd that certain actions by his administration have been intended to at least respond to the Black unemployment rate, including “making sure civil rights and anti-discrimination laws are enforced.”

Meanwhile, the issue that was predicted to be his toughest is measuring up to its expectations, Obama said: “Now, we knew from the beginning that reversing the damage done by the worst financial crisis and the deepest recession in generations would take some time - more time than anyone would like. And we knew that it would require an ongoing effort across all fronts.”

First Lady Michelle Obama to Campaign for Democrats

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By Dorothy Rowley, Special to the NNPA from the Afro-American Newspapers –

WASHINGTON (NNPA) - Democrats are deploying First Lady Michelle Obama to the campaign trail to help them retain control of Congress in the Nov. 2 mid-term elections and boost her husband in the 2012 presidential election.

The first lady, who has appeared on the cover of 12 magazines since ascending to the White House nearly two years ago, currently has a 66 percent approval rating. A staunch advocate for military families, she is popular among women as well as among the legions of new young voters who helped put President Obama in office.

But Obama has also had her tough moments in the media. She was criticized during the 2008 campaign for saying that for the first time in her adult life she was proud of her country. More recently, she was taken to task over her vacation in Spain during a time when many Americans struggle for financial balance.

Along the way she has also garnered widespread applause for efforts such as those to curb childhood obesity. Overall, Democrats believe her high popularity could bring them much-needed favor.

But Maryland-based political analyst Ron Walters said that much of the first lady’s success on the campaign trail will depend on how she’s prepared.

“If they send her into districts where the president is unpopular, she’s not going to be able to turn things around,” Walters said. “But if they send her to some districts where she’s popular and she’s got a lot of women and families that she can talk to, then she can make a difference.”

During a recent CNN interview, White House senior advisor David Axelrod was asked how valuable the first lady would be for Democrats between now and Election Day.

“I think she feels strongly about the affirmative things that this administration has done,” Axelrod said. “She’s been a leader on some of them [including the childhood obesity campaign and]…just last week, the United States Senate passed a bill on child nutrition.”

Wyclef Jean for President of Haiti. Will He Be Another Aristide?

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By Dr. Ron Daniels –


(NNPA) - Two weeks ago on CNN's Larry King Live the multi-Platinum, multi-Grammy Award winning recording artist and cultural icon Wyclef Jean made the long anticipated announcement that he will be a candidate for president of the Republic of Haiti. Surrounded by throngs of admiring followers in Port Au Prince, Wyclef suggested that the youth of Haiti, who constitute the majority of the population, are drafting him to run for President.

For months, observers of the political scene in Haiti have been quietly indicating that his popularity on the ground is such that, if Wyclef were to announce his candidacy, he would be the odds on favorite to be the next President of Haiti. That prospect notwithstanding, scores of candidates may register to run, e.g., Wyclef's uncle, Ambassador Raymond Joseph; former Prime Minister Jacques-Edouard Alexis; former Prime Minister and Lavalas stalwart, Yvon Neptune; Kompas music legend Sweet Micky; and, former Minister for Haitians Living Abroad, Leslie Voltaire to mention a few.

At the moment the buzz is all about Wyclef Jean, and his candidacy is raising the kinds of questions one might expect about an inexperienced entertainer seeking the highest office in Haiti, particularly at a moment of such grave crisis: Should Wyclef run? Is he qualified? And, what kind of President would he make? In addition, Wyclef has come under withering fire from some on the left who believe his criticism of President Aristide and endorsement of the idea of regime change prior to Aristide being ousted is an unpardonable sin.

Before commenting on this and other aspects of Wyclef's candidacy, however, I would like to briefly state my position on the election in general. To begin with, I find the decision by the Haitian Government and the international community to push for elections at the height of the catastrophe mystifying. With virtually all the election registration records destroyed during the earthquake as well as many administrative offices, it will require a huge allocation of human and material resources to conduct an election by November.

Haiti is in a de facto state of emergency and, therefore, in my judgment the full energy of the Government and international community should be focused on recovery/reconstruction.

Accordingly, after our visit to Haiti in February (30 days after the earthquake), in lieu of national elections, the Haiti Support Project (HSP) recommended the creation of a broad based/ inclusive Interim Government of National Reconstruction to steer the nation for a period of a year to eighteen months.

The interim government would have been based on a consensus of political parties, the private sector and civil society, with the sanction of the international community. In Haiti, everyone wants to be President and the rivalries and competition can sometimes become vicious. In short, I believe national elections at this time are a major distraction from the urgent need to focus on alleviating the suffering of the millions who are living in misery, and building a path to a new future. But, obviously the elections are on and Wyclef Jean is the man in the spotlight.

Though I do not know Wyclef intimately, I have had the pleasure of being in his company on a couple of occasions, most recently at the Nation of Islam's Saviour's Day Commemoration in Chicago in February. Over dinner we actually had an opportunity to share a few ideas about the work of Yele Foundation and HSP, the relief effort and the direction of reconstruction. I don't think there is any question that Wyclef is a sincere person who loves Haiti and is deeply devoted to the uplift of the Haitian people.

As such he is entitled to his opinion about the state of political affairs in his homeland, including offering a critique of President Aristide during the time when a combination of forces was orchestrating his ouster. In some recent interviews, I have had to come to Wyclef's defense on this point because, as mentioned above, there are those in the progressive movement who consider his criticism of Aristide's failings and call for him to step aside as tantamount to treason. To paint Wyclef in that way is grossly unfair. Not everyone who parted company with Aristide was an agent of the CIA or a reactionary. Indeed, many of his critics were former allies who saw him morph into someone far different than the visionary leader they had embraced early on.

So, Wyclef's views on Aristide should not be a disqualifier. Having said that, I strongly agree with the growing crescendo of voices from various quarters demanding that the Lavalas party (or parties) be certified to participate in the forthcoming elections. The failure to do so will damp down participation and call into question the legitimacy of the outcome. Wyclef could do himself some good by speaking up on this issue. As to the effect of the attacks on his candidacy, the masses on the ground have already rendered their verdict. He's wildly popular!

Indeed, this is what makes the prospect of Wyclef's candidacy intriguing. He could well be an Aristide- like figure. Jean-Bertrand Aristide captured the imagination and aspirations of the people like no other leader in modern Haitian history. He personified the desire and will of the Haitian poor, peasants, workers and forward-looking people from all sectors to transform the nation into a participatory democracy with a vibrant economy. Aristide had the capacity to inspire the dispossessed to believe a brighter future was possible with their engagement.

One of the elements that is sorely lacking in the current reconstruction effort is precisely this kind of call to the nation to act. There does not appear to be an effort to mobilize the millions who are living in wretched conditions to become part of the process of building the new Haiti.

There is a "Plan" which was developed at the behest of the international community in order to make the case for billions in foreign aid. The Plan has received good reviews, but the problem is large sectors of the Haitian population played no meaningful role in formulating it. There is a critical need to engage/involve all sectors of the population in the reconstruction effort. In that regard, the process is as important as the outcome. Given his popularity with Haitian youth and the poor, perhaps, Wyclef Jean is the candidate who could mobilize the population to play a powerful role in building the new Haiti. That would be a positive.

For those who question Wyclef's lack of experience, Aristide was overwhelmingly elected president despite the fact that he had no prior experience as an elected official. In my view, experience is never the critical criteria for seeking elected office. The most important ingredients are a vision of what it is you want to accomplish, a platform that embodies the vision, a plan for achieving the vision and the judgment to assembly a team with the skill to implement the vision.

In addition to years in the trenches fighting against the Duvalier dictatorship and subsequent authoritarian regimes, Jean-Bertrand Aristide was a devotee of Liberation Theology from which he derived a vision of the dispossessed as the vital center and driving force for a new Haiti. And, he had thought long and hard about what kinds of measures/policies that would be required to achieve his vision. Frankly, we have yet to hear Wyclef clearly articulate his vision for Haiti and his platform and plan for implementing it. Celebrity and popularity among the masses is not a vision or a program. In the coming weeks, it will be imperative that Wyclef lay out his vision and plan for the new Haiti. An entertainer as head of State without a vision and plan for the future could be a disaster.

Finally, while charisma and popularity can be positives, they can also be negatives. "Stars" or messianic leaders who view themselves as "drafted," "anointed," or "ordained" are susceptible to becoming self-absorbed figures. They are often resistant to input or criticism and suspicious of people or organizations that might offer an opposing idea. The seeds of authoritarianism are often to be found in the personalities of those who see themselves as "called" to lead. Let's hope this is not the case with Wyclef Jean, the man who just might be the next President of Haiti.

Ron Daniels is president of the Institute of the Black World 21st Century and Distinguished Lecturer at York College City University of New York. His articles and essays also appear on the IBW website www.ibw21.org and www.northstarnews.com. To send a message, arrange media interviews or speaking engagements, Dr. Daniels can be reached via email at info@ibw21.org.

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