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Zimbabwean Writer Honored with Annual Caine Award

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By Fungai Maboreke –

Zimbabwean writer Elizabeth Zandile Tshele, better known as NoViolet Bulawayo, is the recipient of this year’s Caine Prize for African Writing, considered Africa’s leading literary award.

She won the award for her story “Hitting Budapest” about six hungry children from a slum who steal guavas from an upscale suburb.

Speaking to the BBC, NoViolet said: “I try to write stories that don’t normally get told.” Ms Bulawayo explained that she was "marrying the personal with the imaginary."

“Some of these incidents in Hitting Budapest are taken from my own life - the stealing of guavas to begin with, growing up less privileged and having these dreams," she said.

Among the other writers on the shortlist were: Beatrice Lamwaka, of Uganda, for her story Butterfly Dreams; Tim Keegan, of South Africa, for What Molly Knew; Lauri Kubuitsile, of Botswana, for In the Spirit of McPhineas; and Lata and David Medalie, of South Africa, for The Mistress’s Dog.

Award-winning author and Chair of Judges, Hisham Matar said, “The language of Hitting Budapest crackles. Here we encounter Darling, Bastard, Chipo, Godknows, Stina and Sbho, a gang reminiscent of Clockwork Orange. But these are children, poor and violated and hungry. This is a story with moral power and weight; it has the artistry to refrain from moral commentary. NoViolet Bulawayo is a writer who takes delight in language.”

Bulawayo is a Truman Capote Fellow and Lecturer of English at Cornell University in New York State.

Law Requiring Mandatory Drug Testing for Poor Met with Criticism

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By Nisa Islam Muhammad, Special to the NNPA from The Final Call –

(FinalCall.com) - Republican Florida Governor Rick Scott recently signed into law a bill requiring adults applying for temporary cash assistance to undergo drug screening. His rationale is to increase personal accountability and prevent Florida's tax dollars from subsidizing drug addiction, while still providing for needy children. Parents failing the required drug test may designate another individual to receive the benefits on behalf of the children.

“While there are certainly legitimate needs for public assistance, it is unfair for Florida taxpayers to subsidize drug addiction,” Governor Scott said. “This new law will encourage personal accountability and will help to prevent the misuse of tax dollars.”

However, this new bill flies in the face of research and evidence that proves such bills are ineffective and wasteful.

“Given the high cost of treatment programs and the waiting lists for services in many areas, mandatory drug testing of all applicants or recipients of TANF benefits is a poor use of resources. In a time of tight state budgets, it is perverse to spend limited funds in pursuit of the small number of substance abusers who are not identified through screening processes, rather than on providing actual services,” wrote Matt Lewis and Elizabeth Kenefick of the Center for Law and Social Policy (CLASP) in their February report, Random Drug Testing of TANF Recipients is Costly, Ineffective and Hurts Families.

“Despite the persistence of proposals to impose drug testing at the state and federal levels, these proposals have consistently been rejected because the data do not support the money-saving claims.”

According to the National Conference of State Legislatures many states have proposed drug testing for welfare recipients since the passage of welfare reform in 1996. Drug testing is expressly permitted in the federal rules governing the TANF block grant. Michigan was the first state to implement mandatory drug testing, but the law was found unconstitutional in 2003 by a Michigan Court of Appeals. The Florida legislation is the first to be passed by a state legislature since the Michigan case.

The bill seems to be based more on stereotypes than the facts of life for poor people.

“A lot of stereotypes exist about poor people and why they're poor. People want to attribute their poverty to poor choices and not to our economy even though we're coming out of one of the worst economic recessions,” said Elizabeth Lower-Basch, CLASP Senior Policy Analyst.

The bill requires all applicants for TANF to be tested for controlled substance use and the applicant must pay for the drug test. If they test negative the applicant will be reimbursed for the cost by adding the amount to their benefit check.

If an applicant tests positive, the applicant is ineligible for benefits for one year, but can reapply in six months if he/she completes an approved substance abuse treatment program.

A parent's positive test result does not affect the child's eligibility for benefits; however, any benefits received must be disbursed through a protective payee, who must also pass a drug test.

The Florida chapter of the American Civil Liberties Union warned that the bill may be challenged in court and is headed in the same direction as its Michigan predecessor.

“The wasteful program created by this law subjects Floridians who are impacted by the economic downturn, as well as their families, to a humiliating search of their urine and body fluids without cause or even suspicion of drug abuse,” Howard Simon, the chapter's executive director told reporters

Is Redistricting in California a Step Backwards for Blacks?

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When the law was passed mandating that redistricting was to be done by the voters instead of the legislators, it seemed like a great thing, but now ...

By Yussuf J. Simmonds, Special to the NNPA from the Los Angeles Sentinel –

Not long ago, in an attempt to educate the community about redistricting, there was a column in this the Los Angeles Sentinel newspaper describing the process in simple terms. In addition since the redistricting process has been underway, several community groups have been formed to act as watchdogs over the process: to monitor the town hall styled meetings; to keep the community informed; to write letters to the commission; and to engage the commissioners. One such organization is the African American Redistricting Collaborative (AARC).

The commissioners' mandate was to have released a preliminary draft of the maps by June 10, which they did and to have the final maps delivered to the California secretary of state by August 15. Apparently the preliminary maps, if allowed to become final, would irreparably devastate the African American community politically. According to a nine-page letter sent to the California Citizens Redistricting Commission (CCRC) by AARC, "Our main source of concern is the guidance supplied by your counsel, which has apparently led to some very disturbing map visualizations at the June 30th and July 2nd meetings. From what we gather, these visualizations ignore the hard work by AARC, CAPAFR and MALDEF to harmonize their interests into mutually agreeable configurations..."

It is also important to note that the commission may have already received the results of a study on Racially Polarized Voting in Los Angeles County, which seemed to coincide with the 'disturbing map visualizations' as referenced by AARC in its letter relative to the African American community.

(Another disturbing trend is while the process to redraw California's State and Congressional lines has received national attention, the County of Los Angeles' redistricting effort has proceeded without much fanfare (tantamount to magic: keep the focus on one thing while the real trick is being performed elsewhere). It has been reported that during the past year and a half, 19 plans have been submitted by the public to alter representation for the County's 10 million residents and some have recommended adjustments to the Second Supervisorial District [represented by Mark Ridley-Thomas], which has the highest concentration of African Americans. This has been done outside the purview of African Americans and without a spotlight as with the CCRC's mandate).

Historically, African Americans have fought, bled and died in the fight for civil rights FOR ALL AMERICANS. Every group, ethnicity, race and religion have benefited from the burdens that African Americans have borne so that this nation can live up to its creed that "all men (women and children) are created equal." So it appears paradoxical that the rights that African Americans have fought for are now being eroded and shifted to others.

Specifically, two out of the three African American congresswomen in South Los Angeles are being threatened to lose their districts, if the present maps become permanent. However, a careful analysis of the proposed district boundaries, suggest that it has to be a win-lose outcome. But that is not the case. An alternate boundary map does show just the opposite: a win-win situation for all concerned.

A new map shows that African Americans can maintain their political base and Latinos can have their just due also. It has been proposed, and it is incumbent upon the commission and other communities of interest to fairly and objectively review the proposed map that will result in a solution mutually acceptable for all concerned.

There is still time to correct the above stated imperfections in the mapping process. Marqueece Harris-Dawson, president of Community Coalition, who has been active in the South Los Angeles community for more than 20 years, recently spoke on redistricting and its economic and political impact on South Los Angeles as part of the Brotherhood Crusade's workshop series, of which Charisse Bremond-Weaver said, "Our latest workshop series, The Economic Impact of Institutional and Structural Racism, is a prime example of how we help the entire community establish positive habits and attitudes about money that ultimately lead to an understanding of its power."

The time is at hand and as AARC's letter also stated, "...We can no longer remain silent in the face of so many instances of mis-statements about important elements of voting rights law. Time is too short and the stakes are far too high for our community..."

Congressman Lewis Speaks Out Against Libya War Funding

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By Eric Ture Muhammad, Special to the NNPA from The Final Call –

ATLANTA (FinalCall.com) - “There is nothing more powerful than protest, there is nothing more powerful than getting out there, making noise and making protest heard,” said Rep. John Lewis (D-GA) in response to the expressed appreciation of protestors who gathered recently in front of the his 5th congressional headquarters.

The news conference turned demonstration was organized by the World African Diaspora Union and included former congresswoman and presidential candidate Cynthia McKinney. Rep. Lewis acknowledged the demonstrators and insisted that protestors come inside his office for a frank discussion of the issues and their demands.

“I appreciate your coming by. People must speak up. We have an obligation as people to speak up and speak out. We have an obligation to get in the way. I detest war. I hate war. I think war is evil. It's bloody, it's messy and it destroys the hopes, the dreams and aspirations of people,” said the congressman. War is obsolete and not the way to solve the problems human-kind faces, said Rep. Lewis.

“We should talk. We should learn the lessons of history and I think some of us (in Congress) have been trying to make that clear. Not just members of the Congressional Black Caucus, but other members. The American people are tired, sick and weary of war. And we are losing all of these people. It's not just our young men and our young women, but it's the people they (U.S., NATO) are killing. You will not ever get in an argument with me on the issue of war and peace. I am there. And I will continue to do what I can with the administration, and with my colleagues,” the congressman pledged.

Joined by members WADU, the Green Party, the Dignity Delegation (a fact-finding coalition that joined Ms. McKinney in Libya this past June), the New Black Panther Party, the All African Peoples Revolutionary Party, community activists, and a host of Mr. Lewis's constituents.

Abdul Akbar Muhammad, of the Nation of Islam, was asked to represent the contingent in the June 29 discussion with Rep. Lewis. The demand was simple: Encourage CBC members to take a united stand against the United States support of NATO in its war on Libya and the much publicized assassination attempts of its President Muammar Gadhafi.

“I did not know this until Cynthia told me,” Muhammad said to the congressman, “but the Black congressional members represent the soul of Congress. Number one, because of our spiritual depth and what we have come through historically, our members represent the moral conscious of the Congress. Only six of the CBC members voted against additional funding of the war on Libya and we think that is immoral and that they should have made a stand.”

“The president understands my opposition to war. I have said it more than once in his presence. I have said it on the floor that I am not voting for another dime, another penny for the Defense Department. I don't vote for appropriation bills anymore. I just vote no. I voted against the rule to even bring the vote up,” said Rep. Lewis.

“It's billions of dollars that we can use to create jobs, fix our infrastructure, feed people, clothe people, educate all of our children and show them how to protect their environment. We could save Medicare and Medicaid. They want to cut WIC, all of these human needs programs but they don't want to cut the Pentagon,” he said. Lewis thanked the group once again and pledged to continue efforts on Capitol Hill to influence fellow CBC members to be a stronger conscience for government.

Rev. Menelik P. Harris of WADU thanked Lewis for the impromptu meeting and asked him to insist on a CBC initiative to encourage African nations to move forward with the development of an African Union government. “The African Union rejected the French-led NATO attack and U.S. support of the war on Libya as a bogus war on Africa. We have a responsibility to Africa,” he said.

Obama Pulls in $86M for Campaign in Second Quarter

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Special to the NNPA from the AFRO-American newspapers –

Amid a fractured economy and fickled job market, President Obama outpaced fundraising projections to raise $86 million for his re-election campaign and the Democratic Party during the last three months.

Between April 1 and June 30, Obama garnered more than $47 million for his Obama for America campaign and an additional $38 million for the Democratic National Committee, which will assist with advertising efforts and voter engagement.

His campaign team had expected to raise just $60 million.

“This should end any Washington chatter about whether our grassroots base will be engaged,” Obama’s campaign manager Jim Messina said, according to USA Today. “Our people are back and energized, and there’s a new generation of supporters who have joined our organization.”

More than 550,000 supporters donated to Obama’s campaign during the second quarter, a hefty increase from the 180,000 who contributed during the same time period in 2007. The president brought in a total of $750 million over the course of his 2008 presidential campaign.

The figures, released July 13, show the president is still a strong opponent for Republicans who plan to challenge him in 2012. Collectively, Republican candidates raised $35 million.

But political analysts say the sluggish economy remains embedded in the minds of most Americans.

“He can claim…having been president during the end of the Great Recession, but the challenge to the Obama campaign is how to convince voters that he's responsible for making things better,” Charles Franklin, a political scientist at the University of Wisconsin, told USA Today. “It’s a hard argument to say, ‘I kept it from being a lot worse.’”

Of his Republican challengers, former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney generated the most donations, with $18 million. Former Minnesota Gov. Tim Pawlenty and Utah Gov. John Huntsman followed with $4.2 million and $4.1 million, respectively. Minnesota Rep. Michele Bachmann has not yet reported her fundraising totals for the quarter.

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BVN National News Wire