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Study: Black Youth Not Politically Inclined

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By Wendell Hutson, Special to the NNPA from The Chicago Crusader –

A majority of Black youth are not politically involved especially those from low-income households, according to a year-long study conducted by a group of high school students. A group of juniors from Kenwood Academy High School and undergraduate and graduate students from the University of Chicago (U of C), both on the South Side, collaborated on a research project to find out where Black youth stood politically during the era of President Barack Obama, the nation’s first Black president.

The U of C has had a longstanding relationship with Kenwood dating back to 2001 when it started the “Program of Academic Exploration for High School Students,” said Bill Harms, a spokesman for the U of C. And, this project titled “Black Youth & Politics in the Age of Obama” is a resumption of it. The study focused on youth between the ages 16 to 19 and looked at other factors, such as household income and religion. More than 100 students filled out surveys and were then interviewed about their responses, said Auriel Jamison, a Kenwood student.

“Those low-income youth who are involved in politics do so in a traditional way opposed to youth from upper-income households who participate in non-traditional ways,” Jamison said recently at a public presentation of the study’s results.

“We found that youth from low-income homes felt alienated from the government and Black youth overall felt like second-class citizens.”

An example of traditional activity is youth, who were eligible to vote, actually do vote. Non-traditional activity include students who protest in person or through a blog or Web site. Middle-class youth were more non-traditional when it came to politics, according to the study. Religion also is a factor. According to the study, low income students who participated in church activities were more inclined to be involved in politics compared to those who skipped church. Sonya Malunda, associate vice president for the Office of Civic Engagement at the U of C, said the project was structured as part of a course taught weekly at Kenwood.

“This is an ongoing relationship we have with Kenwood high school and one that we will build upon in years to come,” Malunda told the Crusader. “The university is excited to work with students and encourage this type of local partnership with schools and other institutions.” In 2009, roughly 30 Kenwood students agreed to participate in the study and to attend meetings at the U of C to discuss and analyze the pros and cons of youth involvement in politics.

And the goal, said Cathy Cohen, U of C. political science professor, who also worked with the students on the project, was to teach Kenwood students how to design and implement a research project.

“The expectation was that by teaching young people how to do research they could use those skills to voice their concerns, since youth are not typically provided the opportunity to have their voices included in important policy and political discussions, even those that impact them directly,” added Cohen.

Congressman Rangel Proposes Transition Assistance for Military Veterans

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By Gregory Dale, Special to the NNPA from the AFRO-American newspapers –

With unemployment among the nation’s veterans soaring, Rep. Charles Rangel (D-N.Y.) on May 24 proposed legislation to ensure military personnel a smooth transition back to civilian life after service.

The proposed measure, named the Mandatory Transition Assistance Act, would require the secretaries of Defense and Homeland Security to make participation in Transition Assistance Programs mandatory for all military personnel prior to their discharge. Veterans would also be assigned a counselor and would be taught job acquisition skills including interview techniques, résumé construction, and salary negotiations.

“Our soldiers often come back from their duty with wounds, both visible and invisible,” Rangel told the AFRO in an emailed statement. “In these tough economic times, they rarely have time to heal and adjust to civilian life before worrying about how to survive at home. By completing the Transition Assistance Programs upon discharge, our servicemen and women, who have already proven their competence, can be fully prepared to join the civilian workforce.”

According to the Department of Veterans Affairs, roughly 25 percent of veterans under 25-years-old are currently unemployed. Additionally, returning veterans who do find jobs earn an average of $5,736 less a year than civilians who had not served in the military. Returning soldiers with college degrees earn $9,526 less than their non-serving counterparts.

Also, more than 15 percent of Iraq and Afghanistan discharged war veterans were unemployed in January 2011, significantly exceeding the national jobless rate.

“America has lost over 6,000 lives fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan--five of these fallen heroes are from my Upper Manhattan District,” Rangel said in a statement. “We owe it to our brave men and women who risk their lives every day in defense of our great nation to provide them with the necessary tools to succeed when they come home.”

Black Women Attorneys Spurn Private Law Firms for Corporate Jobs

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By Nadra Kareem Nittle, Special to the NNPA from America’s Wire –

NEW YORK, NY - When Fania Washington had an opportunity to leave Winston & Strawn LLP, in 2004, to work for MTV Networks, she didn’t hesitate.

Washington had tired of handling cases that trickled down from the international law firm’s partners, and she sought more formidable challenges. She describes the firm as a “good firm with good people.” But, as an African-American and a vice president and employment counsel for MTV, Washington says, “I really feel like a partner in the company.”

A recent study by Corporate Counsel Women of Color (CCWC) discovered a growing trend in women of color leaving law firms to work as corporate counsels. Titled “The Perspectives of Women of Color Attorneys in Corporate Legal Departments,” the study surveyed more than 1,300 African-American, Hispanic, Asian-American, and Native American female corporate attorneys.

A staggering 76.5 percent of women who participated in the study started their careers in law firms before leaving for corporations. Among reasons they cited for switching were feeling that their work was not valued, lack of good mentors, desire for more challenging work, and few opportunities for growth. Previous research cited by CCWC had found a 78 percent attrition rate for women of color at law firms.

“Women of color are going to law school . . . only to work for a law firm for a couple of years,” says Laurie N. Robinson, CCWC’s founder and CEO.

Robinson says data counter a misconception in the legal community that large numbers of minority women leave firms because they cannot handle the work. In reality, she says, it’s because women of color aren’t connecting with senior managers who can facilitate their desire for more challenging assignments, often leaving them struggling to obtain billable work.

Moreover, the survey found that these women had serious doubts as to whether their plight at law firms would improve, largely because so few women of color were partners who could serve as mentors. The majority of partners at law firms are white men, making it easier for white lawyers to bond with superiors.

“If you look at the breakdown of law firms, most of the partners are Caucasian,” Robinson says. “The challenge is how do we build a pipeline of people of color? Everybody at the law firms can’t work at the corporations.”

Dionne Greene-Punnette, U.S. markets counsel for MasterCard Worldwide, worked for law firms from 1996 to 2001 before going in-house. One firm, she says, had few African-Americans among its 700 employees. She considered herself a high-performing attorney who routinely traveled on business, worked 15-hour days and spent nights in her office to deal with a heavy workload. Yet, she says, she questioned how far she could advance because the firm had few minority attorneys in high-ranking positions.

“It’s harder to believe it’s attainable, if you don’t see it,” she says.

Like Washington, Greene-Punnette seized the opportunity to go in-house. At MasterCard Worldwide, she has more responsibilities. “I was a litigator when I was at the firm,” she says. “I wanted to transition where I could do more advising than troubleshooting, where I was part of the solution as opposed to cleaning up the problem.”

Veta T. Richardson, executive director of the Minority Corporate Counsel Association, says that based on previous research and anecdotal examples she has encountered, the CCWC findings are no surprise. A primary reason that women of color likely prefer the corporate setting is because corporations have valued diversity longer, she says, noting that in the 1980s, diversity was a priority as corporations contemplated doing business in a global marketplace with a varied customer base.

Law firms didn’t begin to consider diversity issues seriously until the 1990s, Richardson says, adding, “Many law firms have not had by and large a dedicated person thinking about diversity issues until the middle of the last decade.”

Washington questions whether many law firms have a serious commitment to diversity. She says that most firms pay lip service to diversity and that many don’t explore how to retain women of color or improve recruiting them.

Washington says law firms don’t examine how to retain women of color or how to attract others. She also suggest that law schools could offer a more realistic look at life in law firms and connect students with women of color partners in firms.

Richardson says firms should provide financial incentives to supervisors who make diversity a priority and should include diversity responsiveness as part of performance reviews. She suggests that firms ask: “Did the person do a good job mentoring someone of a diverse background?”

The CCWC study also says law firms could retain more women of color by providing them greater access to managing partners and executive teams, opportunities to interact with highly valued clients and quality assignments to help them build expertise on subject matter and meet billable-hour requirements.

By working with the Association of Law Firm Diversity Professionals, Robinson says she hopes to encourage law firms to review the study.

The study also says law schools can help to reduce the high attrition rate by offering seminars on overcoming barriers for women of color at law firms. The study recommends creating networking opportunities in which students can interact with attorneys of diverse backgrounds.

“What I think is really interesting is that the women didn’t spend a lot of time speaking of their race and gender as barriers,” Robinson says. “They really focused on all of the things they do to overcome these barriers in the workplace—building up their level of expertise and working hard to be successful.”

Former Black Panther Leader Geronimo Pratt Dies at 63

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By Ra-Jah Kelly, Special to the NNPA from the Washington Informer –

Elmer “Geronimo” Pratt, the former Black Panther leader, who spent nearly three decades in prison for a crime he claimed to have not committed, has died. He was 63.

Pratt -- who spent eight years in solitary confinement and had his 1972 murder conviction overturned in the death of a Santa Monica, Calif., teacher in 1968 -- died early Friday at his home in a village near Arusha, Tanzania. He had lived there for the past five years, according to a statement his friend, Pete O’Neal, made to the Associated Press (AP). O’Neal, who praised Pratt as his hero, said that he suspected he died from either a heart attack or stroke.

“Geronimo was a symbol of steadfast resistance against all that is considered wrong and improper,” O’Neal told the AP. “His whole life was dedicated to standing in opposition to oppression and exploitation...He gave all that he had and his life, I believe, struggling, trying to help people lift themselves up.”

Pratt had maintained that on the day of the murder, he was in Oakland for Black Panther Party meetings. He also reportedly said that evidence that would have proven his innocence had been destroyed or hidden by police and FBI agents.

Pratt’s conviction was overturned after a judge cited a lack of credibility by key witnesses, and in 2000 he settled a $4.5 million lawsuit for false imprisonment and violation of his civil rights against the FBI and city of Los Angeles.

However, Stuart Hanlon, the attorney who helped Pratt win his freedom, said his client had refused to harbor any resentment.

"He had no anger, he had no bitterness, he had no desire for revenge,” Hanlon said. “He wanted to resume his life and have children. He would never look back."

Pratt is survived by his wife and son.

South African Ambassador Slammed with Hefty Fine for Anti-Gay 'Hate Speech'

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Special to the NNPA from the Global Information Network –

The South African ambassador to Uganda, a former columnist for South Africa's Sunday Sun paper, was found guilty of hate speech in an anti-gay article.

South Africa's Equality Court fined Jon Qwelane $14,450 and ordered him to apologize for promoting hatred in the column published in 2008 titled "Call me names but gay is NOT OKAY". It caused an uproar at the time.

Qwelane, appointed last year to Uganda where homosexual acts are illegal, did not mount a defense.

Vincent Moaga, spokesman for the South African Human Rights Commission, applauded the decision and said money from the fine would be donated to gay rights organizations.

Meanwhile, a lesbian who was brutally tortured in Uganda, is fighting her deportation from the UK. Betty Tibikawa, 22, was “branded” with a hot iron as punishment for her sexual identity.

"I can't sleep and I'm having terrible nightmares about what will happen to me if I'm sent back to Uganda. My family has disowned me because I'm a lesbian and I'm convinced I'd be killed, if I'm sent home.”

Human Rights Watch spokeswoman Gauri van Gulik said: "Our research has shown that many cases of women like Betty are not taken seriously by the UK Border Agency. “Unfortunately women who suffer this kind of violence have serious difficulty claiming asylum.”

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