If you are having a difficult time making your mortgage payments, the first step to take before becoming delinquent is to develop a game plan based on a realistic understanding of your lenders position.
While you can take some actions on your own, such as selling your house, others have to be negotiated with the lender. You do better in any negotiation if you know where the lender is coming from.
Step two is to document your loss of income to demonstrate to the lender your inability to pay, should this be necessary later on.
Step three is to estimate your equity in the house. Your equity is what you could sell it for, minus sales commissions and less the balance of your mortgage. This will help you develop a strategy for dealing with the lender.
Step four is to determine realistically whether your financial reversal is temporary or permanent. A temporary reversal is one in which, if you are provided payment relief for up to six months, you will be able to resume regular payments at the end of the period and repay all the payments you missed within the following 12 months.
You must document the case for the reversal being temporary. If you cannot make a persuasive case that the change in your financial condition is temporary, the lender will assume it is permanent. If you have substantial equity in your house, the least costly action to the lender may be foreclosure.
While foreclosure is costly, the lender is entitled to be reimbursed from the sales proceeds for all foreclosure costs plus all unpaid interest and principal. While foreclosure makes the lender whole, it is a disaster for you. Your equity is depleted, you incur the costs of moving and your credit is ruined. Hence, you must avoid foreclosure, if necessary, by selling your house.
If your financial reversal is temporary, and you can persuade the lender of this, the lender may be willing to suspend payments for a period, followed by a repayment plan. The lender will probably prefer to keep your loan rather than foreclose on it, but only if convinced it is a good loan.
The burden of proof is on you to demonstrate that the temporary payment relief will really work. If your financial reversal is permanent, sell the house before you begin accumulating delinquencies. This way, you at least retain your equity and credit rating. Obtaining full value for your home may take some time; you dont want to be forced into a fire sale.
If delinquency is looming, take out a home equity line of credit to keep your payments current. If you have little or no equity, your bargaining position is actually stronger because foreclosure is a sure loser for the lender. If your financial reversal is temporary, and assuming you want to remain in your house, it will be easier to persuade the lender to offer payment relief than if you have equity.
If your financial reversal is permanent, but not major, the lender may be favorably disposed to a contract modification that will permanently reduce the payments. If your financial reversal is permanent and major, the lender probably will be willing to accept either a short sale or a deed in lieu of foreclosure. In the first, you sell the house and pay the lender the sales proceeds while in the second the lender takes to the house.
In both cases your debt obligation usually is fully discharge. They do appear on your credit report but are not as bad a mark as a foreclosure. The lender will turn a wary eye on borrowers with negative equity who have the means to continue making payments but would like to rid themselves of their negative equity through short sale or deed-in-lieu.
While these options are less costly to the lender than foreclosure, lenders view borrowers as responsible for their debts, regardless of the depletion of their equity. How they respond depends on how convinced they are that the borrowers problems are truly involuntary and on the likelihood of success in collecting more if they go after the borrower for deficiency.
I hope this helped. Give me a call at 909.248.4830 ext 228 if you need additional assistance.
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