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Julianne Malveaux

Detroit – America's Ground Zero

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(NNPA) - Only one in four young Black men graduates from high school in Detroit. The rest are lost and left out, swallowed by a city where urban blight, industrial desertion, and educational failure define daily life. Detroit is ground zero, exemplifying the absolute worst of urban life. It had a passionate champion in Congresswoman Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick, who recently lost her bid for reelection. But as passionate as Cheeks Kilpatrick and Senator Debbie Stabenow have been about Detroit, this is a city that won’t bounce back without revolutionary intervention.

Government has intervened for Detroit, bailing out General Motors (now Government Motors) to the tune of billions of dollars. The bailout has yet to trickle down. Instead, we have seen schools closed, hours curtailed, and a man who is more bureaucrat than educator placed in charge of that city’s educational system. Across the nation, millions of students are going back to school. What are they going back to in cities like Detroit? With budget cuts defining everything that is done, are they going back to fewer hours, broke down schools, and chaos? In going back, are they being embraced or repelled by those city administrators who place a higher priority on balancing budgets than educating young people.

The Massachusetts-based Schott Foundation has released a report that speaks to the ways that so many states are failing black male students. Michigan’s black male graduation rate, at 47 percent, is at the US average, and higher than the rate in Mississippi, North Carolina, Nevada, Hawaii, Georgia, Alabama, Indiana, DC, Ohio, Nebraska, Louisiana, South Carolina, Florida and New York. New York’s rate is an abysmal and frightening 25 percent. Aaaugh. Inner cities in several states do extremely poorly, like Detroit. The Schott Foundation report ought to raise alarm among educators and policy makers and raise questions about the work we must do to properly focus on African American students, male and female.

This week, Rev. Jesse Jackson has taken his team on the road to the state of Michigan, with stops in Kalamazoo, Grand Rapids, Flint, Lansing and Detroit. The purpose is to lead up to a Saturday march for Jobs, Peace and Justice, 37 years after Dr. Martin Luther King’s pivotal March on Washington. It is so appropriate that Rev. Jackson is taking it to Detroit, with the help of allies in the labor movement and the civil rights movement. Indeed, to go to ground zero reminds us how important Detroit has been for working class African Americans, and how many ways those who were willing to work were once embraced in a manufacturing economy. Now, willing workers, in the millions, languish waiting for opportunities, while we have exported them in our global economy.

Those who are unemployed are unable to support themselves. How many underwater mortgages are there in Detroit? Who much abandoned housing? Which services have been curtailed because the city simply can’t afford to provide for seniors, children, library users, hungry people, all of that? The deindustrialization of Detroit has led to a colossal urban crisis, and government stimulus has simply bypassed that city. It is important and exciting to gather in Detroit on august 28, both in commemoration of Dr. King's 1963 march, and in recognition of the fact that politics and policy are both local and global.

What would happen if the Obama administration were as kind to Detroit as it has been to automakers? What would happen if someone decided to make Detroit a “model city” and to see how government programs could not only improve lives in a city described as “ground zero” but also model work in other cities? What would happen if there were a renaissance and rebirth in Detroit, one that presaged other urban renewals?

Once upon a time, urban renewal meant black folk removal. Now, the revival of cities will necessarily improve African American economic fortunes. When Rev. Jesse Jackson and thousands of others march in Detroit they spotlight one of our nation’s urban failures. The spotlight must be followed by a focused effort to turn this failure into success. If Detroit can rise up out of its ashes, increasing graduation rates, entrepreneurial engagement, industrial development, and social service efficiency, so can every other challenged American city.

Dr. Julianne Malveaux is President of Bennett College for Women in Greensboro, North Carolina.

In Search of Synchronicity

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(NNPA) - I haven’t seen the movie, Eat Pray Love. I just read the book. After I read it I put it on a friend’s desk and asked if she’d get more from it than I did. The book is a travelogue of Italy, India and Indonesia, and Elizabeth Gilbert’s romp through the three countries in such a way as to find herself after her marriage went bad.

To be sure, there were moments of mmm, and moments of aaaugh, and moments when I absolutely empathized with Elizabeth Gilbert. And there were moments when I reminded myself that 15 million American don’t have work, and that half of those haven’t had work for half a year. They aren’t running around the world finding themselves and having Julia Roberts play them in the reality show. They are simply searching for survival.

Synchronicity. Alignment. They ways that all of our stuff makes sense. It doesn’t make sense to write a book or watch a film about this search for self even as so many search for survival.

Last week, unemployment rates were again released and we learned that, at 9.5 percent, our country’s ability to employ has not improved. More importantly, the unemployment rate for African Americans exceeds 16 percent, and that, too, is something that somehow coexists with this fabulous movie romp through self-discovery. I’m not annoyed (too much) at Elizabeth Gilbert or Julia Roberts, though they ought to break off a little piece of their profits for those who can’t romp as wildly as they do. I am concerned that the timing of the release of their movie has a bit of smug self-satisfaction to it. Will I go see it? Possibly. Without seeing it, but with reading the book, the entire enterprise strikes me as discordant, absent synchronicity.

So if I am mad at Liz and Julia, what about Michelle Obama, our stunning First Lady who took herself to Spain a week or so ago. The pundits say that she was wrong and out of touch and tone deaf to our nation’s economic crisis. One of her best translators, Liz sweet from the Chicago Times says that the vacation was a way of allowing First Lady Obama to connect with friends who’d lost a parent. I say if I have to do discordance, I’ll accept the First Lady’s. Don’t get me wrong. If I were making up a white house schedule, I would have passed on the Spain trip. At the same time, who knows what happens in that house and how the First Mom decides to parse her time. I want to give her hugs, not criticism, for all the work she does, and for all the work she really could do but is not allowed to. The Spain trip is not an Eat Pray Love thing, not even slightly. And the tone and tenor of some of the objections to Mrs. Obama’s trip frankly reek of racial resentment.

Abbey Lincoln once wore a dress also worn by Marilyn Monroe. When she grew into herself she burned it. She died this week, a woman whose fierce voice searched for synchronicity, for authenticity, for that which is real. She died on August 14, a voice until her waning years, an inspiration even at the invocation of her name. Abbey Lincoln was described by some fool critic as a “professional Negro” as if there is something wrong with that. The description came after she used her voice and raised her voice to speak of freedom. Imagine this woman, transforming herself form a Marilyn Monroe imitating ingénue into a tool and an instrument for peace and justice. She, too, was searching for synchronicity, for alignment. One might argue that she found it and embraced it, embracing it for all of us.

I had the phenomenal pleasure of hearing Abbey Lincoln sing a bunch of times, but most recently when she graced an Indianapolis state in the mid-1990s.

I was the guest of a woman whose organization had engaged me to speak, and she was rather insistent that I’ enjoy Ms. Lincoln’s performance. Beyond enjoying it, the moment took my breath away. I can clearly remember her wrapping herself around a microphone to sing, “The world is falling down, hold my hand”. Powerful.

We do not need to hit three continents to find the synchronicity that is necessary. All we need to do is to remember who we are and whose we are. I wish Abbey Lincoln on Elizabeth Gilbert. I wish Abbey Lincoln, born Anna Maria Woolridge, on each and every one of us.

Dr. Julianne Malveaux is President of Bennett College for Women in Greensboro, North Carolina.

We Can't Extend the Bush Tax Cuts

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(NNPA) - It took three months and a stern presidential scolding for the United States Senate to pass legislation that would extend unemployment insurance for more than 2.5 million Americans who have been out of work for a long time.

Why did the senate drag its feet? We couldn’t afford the $33 billion legislation, they said. We could afford a bank bailout, but not money for the unemployed? Many feel the legislation that finally passed on July xx will not do enough for the unemployed. It provides dollars for some, but what is really needed is a public works program, some real job creation.

I can already hear the deficit hawks posturing that we can’t afford it. At the same time, most Republican Senators are pushing to extend the Bush tax cuts, those cuts that in 2001 and 2003 contributed mightily to the existing deficit. Let’s not forget that when President George W. Bush came into office, the Clinton Administration had produced three years worth of surpluses, handing a healthy treasury over to Mr. Bush.

In contrast, Mr. Bush had deficits in seven of his eight years in office. While Republicans love to talk about shrinking the size of government and wasteful government programs, the Bush tax cuts are responsible for nearly half of the existing deficit, according to the Center for budget and Policy Priorities.

Now the Bush tax cuts are set to expire. Allowing them to lapse would put nearly $700 billion into the treasury. That’s enough to fund a jobs program or two, and enough to trim the existing deficit, as well. But the conservative mantra on finance is that if you repeat something often enough, it must be true. Some Republicans have said, “wasteful government spending” so much that Democrats who ought to know better have begun to believe it.

The House of Representatives have recessed for six weeks, and the Senate is likely to recess after taking action on legislation that would extend the Bush tax cuts. This sets legislators up, scant months before the 2010 election, to have a conversation about the economic direction of our country. The problem with the conversation is that it is being conducted in sound bites instead of analysis, with the assertion that deficits are bad dominating the conversation. Modest deficits have long been used effectively to foster economic growth and stability.

Republicans are drawing a political, not an economic, line in the sand, and Democrats, frightened of being labeled “tax and spend” are going along with them.

Even former Federal Reserve Board Chairman Alan Greenspan agrees that letting the Bush tax cuts expire would not harm the economy. Most of those cuts went to people at the top of the income distribution, people who save, not spend, their money. If the cuts had been focused at the bottom end of the income distribution, letting them expire might cause more hardships on people who have already been hurt by our sluggish economy. But if the tax cuts had been focused on the bottom end of the income distribution, they would not have been Bush tax cuts. We are still paying the price for the tax cuts for the wealthy that Mr. Bush pushed a decade ago.

Allowing the Bush tax cuts to expire is an act of fiscal responsibility. In some ways, letting these cuts expires pumps needed dollars into our economy, both for existing programs and for deficit reductions. Those deficit hawks that say they want to reduce the deficit have an opportunity to do so, but their fealty to the flawed policies of the Bush Administration, and their desire to pick a midterm election political fight prevent them from acting responsibly.

So, among its other questionable actions, the Senate proposed cutting food stamps to pay for Medicare and teacher jobs. Senator Harry Reid (D-NV) in a tight re-election race, has too often embraced the Republican “pay go” argument to the detriment of the least and left out. For Democrats to allow Bush tax cuts to extend amounts to another capitulation. We need Democrats to show some backbone, and for Bush tax cuts, a bad idea when they were implemented in 2001 and 2003 to simply go away.

Dr. Julianne Malveaux is an economist and president of Bennett College for Women in Greensboro, North Carolina.

Who Should Really Be Drug Tested?

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(NNPA) - Utah Senator Orrin Hatch has a proposal for the unemployed. He wants them drug tested before they can receive unemployment benefits. Hilarious! With unemployment rates at 9,7 percent, with nearly six million Americans out of work for at least six months, with more than a million people without support since their unemployment benefits have run out, Hatch proposes drug testing for unemployed people.

He and some of his colleagues are actually the ones who need drug testing. How could the Senate, by a vote of 57-42, prevent legislation that would have provided an unemployment benefit extension from moving forward? What could they possibly have been thinking? Senator John Kerry (D-Ma) described the action as “One of the worst moments I’ve seen in 25 years in the United States Senate. In time of economic trouble, our country expects Democrats and Republican s to pull together.” This is politics at its absolute worst, with Republicans unifying to cut the unemployed off at the kneecaps. Meanwhile, Hatch wants drug testing. Given this vote on the unemployment benefit extension, perhaps Senator Hatch and the 42 might want to demonstrate that they were not impaired when they took their vote.

Labor Secretary Hilda Solis was among the many blasting the Republicans for playing games with people’s survival. In Denver last week, she told Latino elected officials that the loss of unemployment benefits for more than 200,000 people a week would be “devastating”. Some Republican Senators say the bill was too costly, and loaded up with too many amendments to pass. But debate on this legislation has lasted for more than two months – the House of Representatives voted for unemployment benefit extensions back in March. The tab on this bill is $18 billion, which is not chump change but it is certainly just a fraction of the $700 billion bank bailout, and just half of the money we just sent to support our effort in Afghanistan.

Unfortunately, the Republican Senators are taking their cues from those who are demonizing the unemployed. Writing for the US Chronicle, Stephanie Lee reported that online hostility toward the unemployed is notable, with those who need help being called “whiners” and “pathetic”. Some companies looking for workers indicate that they will not consider people who are unemployed, no matter what the reason. (Now that is fascinating logic – who needs work more than the unemployed?).

And in my own review of online responses to the failure of HR4213 in the Senate, I’ve found posts that describe the unemployed as “losers” and “lazy". AT the same time, many of our unemployed brothers and sisters have posted poignant accounts of what their lives are like after they have lost their job, of making choices to feed children or spend money on transportation for job search, of adjusting expectations downward, of applying for positions for which they are overqualified, only to be rejected because they are overqualified. And Orrin Hatch wants to impose drug testing. When the United States Senate turns its backs on unemployed citizens to play partisan games who should really be drug tested?

The Toronto meeting of the G20 actually worsens prospects for the unemployed. Despite opposition by the United States, the G20 made a nonbinding pledge to halve budget deficits by 2013 and to balance budgets by 2016. Germany, which boasts a budget surplus, has argued that deficits in other countries are destabilizing. Yet government spending in many countries has provided a way out of the current economic slump.

President Obama has cautioned that imposing austerity measures too soon may hinder world economic recovery. World deficit hawks prevailed, though, and France is now likely to announce deficit cuts in the next week or so, possibly planning to reduce tax breaks that had already been scheduled. In Spain, workers are protesting wage cuts with a three-day strike on Madrid’s underground rail system. As in the United States, deficit hawks seek to balance budgets on the backs of workers.

Because the G20 accord is nonbinding, it has not legislative impact in the United States. At the same time, our own deficit hawks will use the G20 agreement as a way to buttress their own attempts to spend less. The victims, of course, are those unemployed people who need benefit extensions. Our casual acceptance of high rates of unemployment and the human toll this unemployment is repugnant.

There is the possibility that the Senate will reconsider the unemployment extension, perhaps passing it as a stand-alone bill, but they made no commitment after last Thursday’s vote. If unemployed people would share their ire with the Senate, perhaps these folks would understand. For the moment, though, they have thumbed their noses at the nation’s unemployed. In doing so, they’ve made it clear who really needs drug testing.

Julianne Malveaux is president of Bennett College for Women in Greensboro, N.C.

Connecting the Dots: Appreciating Rev. Jackson

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(NNPA) Rev. Jesse Louis Jackson, Sr. has been an advocate since his high school freshman days when he, among the Greenville Eight, protested segregated library practices. As a student at North Carolina A&T State University, he was part of the actions to integrate the city, involved with the phenomenal Bennett Belles who were the backbone of that movement.

As an aide to Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., he was the onion who raised hell, caused trouble, and moved the economic justice agenda. As a Presidential candidate in 1984, he was the man who stood firmly in the constitution, asserting his right to run.

In 1988, he cleared hurdles as a candidate, earning majority votes from states where African Americans were a minority. He has made history.

To be sure, Rev. Jackson’s climb has not always been smooth.

There have been missteps, foibles, and unfortunate words. Rev. Jackson is human, as we all are. In 1984, as part of his remarks at the San Francisco Democratic Convention he declared, “God is not finished with me yet.” A seasoned citizenleader, and still a work in progress; he prevails, with courage and confidence, in ways that inspire us all.

I am writing after spending some days last week during the Rainbow/PUSH annual conference, after some days of reflection on the ways that Rev. Jackson and his team connected the dots in the deliberate erosion of our public space, of the public sector, whether it is in education, civil rights, BP cleanup, or other matters. It is interesting to watch Rev. Jackson thread the needle and put all of the work together, gathering leaders who are interested in disparate issues, connecting their work into an overarching theme.

One of the best sessions that I participated in was keynoted by Diane Ravitch, the former Assistant Secretary of Education to Lamar Alexander between 1991 and 1993. She was associated with the federal effort to promote academic standards, but now she says she had no clue that her efforts would lead to the relentless testing and absurdity connect with “No Child Left Behind”. Ravitch was masterful as she discussed the many ways so-called education advocates are really about dismantling federal involvement in education. And we know that there are advocates that simply want to shrink government and let the “market” work.

Here’s how the market works. BP spews a million barrels of oil onto the Gulf of Mexico because our nation has not appropriately regulated them. They’ve had more than 700 safety complaints in just three years, compared to Exxon Mobil’s one.

Republicans and Blue Dog Democrats have been anti-regulation, hoping that markets work. But they haven’t. They’ve set up this tragedy.

The brilliance of the Rev. Jesse Jackson is that he connected failure in the Gulf of Mexico with failure in our nation’s schools. In other words, the whole notion that regulation, that government intervention is bad, is being challenged.

There is no magic dust in free market charter schools any more than there is magic dust in free polluting rules for international oil polluters. Rev. Jackson connects the dots because he is able to see the big picture, the writing on the wall, the work that must be done.

Those who retreat from federal intervention into markets expect things to resolve themselves magically. Yet, last week, the United States Senate rejected legislation that would extend unemployment insurance payment to those who do not have work.

They say that they are interested in a “pay as you go” system, a system they had not figured out when they decided to just give banks $700 billion. Now, a modest bill that would spend about $25 billion for jobs and unemployment insurance has failed. The House of Representatives did their work months ago, but the senate has decided that they have no constituents or caring. Instead, they want to lean on this notion of short-term pay as you go, not long-term economic sustainability.

When we invest in workers, we invest in a stable workforce. We invest in long-term tax payments. We invest in workers who invest in community. To be sure, we spend some short-term money. That’s the nature of economic recovery. Instead of half-stepping, why not revive a Work Progress Administration, a real jobs plan. Why not engage young people, who face an unemployment rate that flirts at 40 percent, in infrastructure repair? Why not open libraries for more hours? Why not revive, not reject the public sector?

At his conference, Rev. Jesse Jackson was always ready to connect the dots between attacks on the public sector and the diminishment of our quality of life.

Conference attendance confirmed his perspective.

Who can attract Gulf fishermen, a former assistant Secretary of Education, several Congressional Representatives, Senator Roland Burris, and others, and then tell a coherent story about why they are all gathered? Rev. Jesse Jackson began connecting dots when, as one of the Greenville Eight, he chafed at waiting for six days to get library books from the “white” library. Today he reminds us that we still have work to do, and we applaud him for his fealty and tenacity.

Julianne Malveaux is president of Bennett College for Women and also President of the PUSH/Excel Board of Directors.

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