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Africa: A Tale of Two Presidents

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(NNPA) Health and economic issues have never been more important to Sub-Saharan Africa than the last fifteen years. There has been one president who stepped forward and made a positive difference. There is another president, in contrast, that has done virtually little nor shows any concern for this land of over one billion human beings. Ironically, the president with purely European bloodlines and an upbringing from the southern part of the United States has poured his heart into Africa. The president who has direct bloodlines to Africa (Kenya) has displayed a very laissez faire attitude to the tremendous challenges that face this continent.

Here is a review of President Bush’s involvement in Africa by the Africa Growth Initiative:

“Bush’s most important initiatives focused on alleviating major heath challenges facing the African people. In 2003, President Bush launched the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), which was then the largest single effort by any nation targeting a specific disease. The program sought to establish and scale up HIV/AIDS prevention, care and treatment programs. According to the PEPFAR program website, “during its first phase, PEPFAR supported the provision of treatment to more than two million people, care to more than 10 million people, including more than four million orphans and vulnerable children, and prevention of mother-to-child treatment services.” Under President Bush, this program was criticized for its emphasis on abstinence based prevention, but on the whole this initiative was an unprecedented attack against the AIDS pandemic.

Bush then targeted another deadly disease with the launch of the President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI) in 2005. The PMI had the initial goal of reducing malaria-related deaths by 50 percent in 15 focus countries. Malaria places a huge burden on Africans—causing millions of adult deaths every year and significant reductions in productivity. Results on the PMI website show that the program has major effect in reducing prevalence of malaria, child mortality and related deaths.

The Bush administration’s African foreign policy did not stop with health initiatives. Bush led the push for the G-8 nations to demand the multi-lateral debt relief initiative (MDRI), which encouraged the IMF, World Bank and the U.S. to reduce the debt burden of highly indebted poor countries. According to the African Development Bank, as of 2009 the MDRI relieved debt for 21 African countries. In 2004, Bush also successfully passed reforms that converted poor country debt into grants. Additionally, Bush tackled security issues. The president was one of the first world leaders to label the conflict in South Sudan genocide. Although, Bush received criticism for not recognizing the indictment of Omar al-Bashir by the International Criminal Court, he did put in place sanctions on oil coming from the Republic of Sudan in order to pressure a peace deal. These sanctions currently remain in place. Bush was also determined to create an Africa-based central command for U.S. forces. However, he did not win the support of African leaders to base the command, now called Africom, on the continent, with the base now resting in Germany. Africom, however, is now an implementing partner for the Department of Defense and PEPFAR, supporting training and testing throughout Africa.

Following the format of Presidents Carter and Clinton, Bush continues to focus on global health beyond his two presidential terms. His global health cause célèbre is the Pink Ribbon Initiative, an organization formed by the George Bush Presidential Center Institute in partnership with the U.N. and the Susan J. Komen Foundation, to expand access to cervical and breast cancer screening in Africa and Asia. Testing for cervical cancer can be done easily with a drop of vinegar quickly highlighting cancerous tissue; however, screening remains unavailable in many parts of Asia and Africa. Both Laura and George Bush will try to build awareness of this issue during their trip this week. Despite the perception that Bush was only involved in counterterrorism, he built an expansive African foreign policy base that bears as much recognition as the Clinton administration’s African Growth and Opportunities Act and Global Health Initiative. “

On the other hand, President Obama has ignored Africa. He went to Ghana in 2009 and gave a condescending speech to elected African leaders talking about corruption. Other than that he has done very little. Many African presidents voice their disappointment with President Obama. According to Patrick Muboko, a Congolese American who recently protested in front of the White House,” We want to tell him it is over if he does not do the right thing for Congo, for children who are crying and dying if he does not do the right thing for democracy, he can count that he has not only lost my vote, but he has lost a lot of votes,” as told to VOA News.com.

Thanks President Bush for all you have done. President Obama, it is not too late.

Mr. Alford is the co-founder, President/CEO of the National Black Chamber of Commerce, Inc. (r). Website: www.nationalbcc.org. Email: halford@nationalbcc.org.

Black Americans and Mitt Romney

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(NNPA) Former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney’s recent statement, “I’m not concerned about the very poor…. We have a safety net…. If it needs repair, I’ll fix it” has caused once again considerable debate about poverty in America. But for millions of impoverished Black Americans the focus should be on encouraging education, self-empowerment and economic development as a means of getting out of poverty rather than waiting on some non-caring presidential candidate to patch a gaping hole in the so-called poverty-prevention safety net.

In a democracy all citizens should have the right to run for President. Of course qualifications and experience are factors that voters should weigh when making a decision about who to vote for and to support. For over 45 million Black Americans, the 2012 elections are extremely important. We cannot afford to sit on the sidelines and to take the November 2012 elections for granted. I keep emphasizing that it is counterproductive for Black people in the United States to be cynical or non-involved in the national political debate concerning the issues that affect the quality of life in the Black community across the nation.

Mitt Romney’s confession did more than expose his seemingly insensitivity toward the poor. It revealed Romney’s comfort with a certain percentage of the population that will according to his logic always remain in poverty in need of a safety net. Romney rhetorically joined the likes of Fox News commentator Bill O’Rielly who condescendingly reminded a national television audience that in the Bible it says, “The poor will always be with us.” African Americans do not always have to be poor! Again, what Romney said or what O’Rielly said should not come as a shock. Those statements just remind us that if we do not get ourselves up out of poverty, there will be no others that we should depend on to change the situation of poverty that too many continue to face in our communities.

Noted scholar and author Earl Ofari Hutchinson raised an appropriate question with respect to the absence of Black Americans who have some noticeable role in the Romney presidential campaign staff or support. Hutchinson observed, “The scorecard then reads like this: Gingrich, Santorum, and Paul, all have asked for and gotten endorsements and support from African-Americans. There is no record or evidence that the supposed more moderate Romney has asked for or gotten any black support or even taken a photo-op with some dutiful blacks. The question that will loom even larger as Romney closes in on the GOP nomination is. Where are Romney’s blacks?”

Romney’s comments on poverty, therefore, were not a mere slip of a politicians tongue during the heat of a tense campaign. He is not in touch with the reality that most Americans have to endure in 2012.

And in particular, Romney is so far out of the loop of reality when it comes to Black Americans’ state of existence, that it is cause for serious concern. The fact is for Black children and youth the poverty rate is nearly 40% as a direct of the systematic underdevelopment of the African American community during the last 50 years. Too many African Americans live in poverty today at a rate greater than one out of every four persons. Of course our economic and social predicament is not the result of statements by Mitt Romney. The point here is, however, that for the vast majority of Black people in America and throughout the African world, the candidacy of Romney for President raises serious implications about his stated sense of inclusion and of ‘caring’ and empathy for poor people in general and for poor Black people specifically.

Regardless of who emerges as the Republican nominee, Black Americans have to take a proactive responsibility to ensure the largest voter turnout in American history come this November. To all of the “playa haters” some of whom are White and Black who are trying to seduce Black people into the self-destructive lethargy of not voting, copping out, and non-civic engagement: “We will not be put asleep. We will remain wide awake. We are going to mobilize voter participation in record numbers in the face of voter repression in more than 30 states across the nation.”

Please do not underestimate the power and the importance of every vote this year. We have to join with others who share our interests for a better future for ourselves and for all people. The worst form of oppression is self-destruction and the fear of liberation. Mitt Romney has made clear where he stands. Where do you stand? How will you vote?

Dr. Benjamin F. Chavis Jr. is President of the Hip-Hop Summit Action Network and Education Online Services Corporation and can be reached at www.HSAN.org

Your Pharmacy May be in Danger

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(NNPA) The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is considering whether to allow a corporate merger thatcould result in great strides backward for African Americans and others suffering from economic and health ills.

Stick with me, because it gets a little complicated.

Express Scripts, Inc. (ESI) and Medco Health Solutions are giant, multi-billion dollar corporationsthat control prescription drug benefits for hundreds of millions of Americans. Known aspharmacy benefit managers (PBMs), these companies decide which pharmacies people can visit,what prescription drugs are available for purchase, and how much these medications will cost.They also decide how much community pharmacies will be paid for filling prescriptions.

The potential merger affects so many people, and raises so many antitrust issues, that the FTC isreviewing it to see if it should be allowed at all, and if so, under what conditions.

If these two companies are allowed to join forces, they will control the majority of the prescriptionmarket—and decision-making—in several key areas, including mail order and specialty pharmacy,and will dwarf the remaining PBMs in size and prescription volume. The increased level of market control will give the merged company the power to increase prices and push out rivals,including community pharmacies.

Don’t just take my word for it. Senator Herb Kohl (D-WI) is the Chairman of the Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on Antitrust, Competition Policy and Consumer Rights. When it comes to antitrustmatters, he is an expert. In a letter to Jonathan Leibowitz, chairman of the FTC, Kohl asks that the agency carefully scrutinize the merger. He cites concerns that the merger will reduce competition,raise prices for consumers, and threaten community and chain drug stores.

Kohl believes “the stakes for American consumers, health plan sponsors, and our nation’s networkof local pharmacies arising out of this transaction are very high…” He is right. And the stakes areeven higher for African Americans than for the average American consumer.

If prices go up, as expected under this merger, and community pharmacies are no longer able tocompete in the hostile climate created by the PBMs, African Americans throughout the countrywill lose access to needed medications and other pharmacy services.

This is disturbing in light of existing health disparities. African Americans are more likely to beafflicted with life-threatening diseases like heart disease, diabetes and cancer than whites. Infantmortality is higher. We are less likely to be immunized against common, easily-preventableillnesses. So the convenient, localized services provided by community pharmacies in our neighborhoods are especially important.

On top of that, consider the devastating effects of the recent recession on African Americans. Theunemployment rate for blacks in January 2012 was 13.6 percent, nearly twice as high the 7.5% unemployment rate among whites. Many African-Americans have lost their homes during the recession. And, even having a much lower household of wealth to begin with, blacks have lost agreater percentage of net worth, according to the Pew Research Center.

This means that the people most in need of quality health services are least able to affordthem. The ESI/Medco merger will make matters worse by increasing prescription drug pricesand causing community pharmacies to fail, including, notably, a number of minority-owned businesses.

One of the PBM companies, ESI, is already dropping popular pharmacies from its network, pre-merger. Yes, this is the same Express Scripts that recently dumped Walgreens, the nation’s largest pharmacy chain, eliminating access for the many people of color who live near these stores. But ESI does not care whether community pharmacies remain in its network, or even survive. Infact, CEO George Paz told Senator Kohl at a Judiciary Subcommittee hearing about the merger, “Ican’t stop certain pharmacies from going out of business.”

The other company, Medco, is requiring many of its customers to use mail-order pharmacies instead of retail pharmacies, deciding for patients in Big Brother fashion which pharmacy servicesthey can use. This also threatens community pharmacies. But don’t look to the company forsympathy. Medco CEO David Snow believes his pharmacy robots are better than your localpharmacist down the street, and if he has his way, you will no longer have a choice.

Viewed in light of existing health disparities and economic difficulties, and the indifference of thePBM executives, there are no benefits for African American consumers in allowing the merger toproceed, and there are many risks.

If the FTC gives the merger the “most serious review” requested by Senator Kohl, it is difficult tosee how they could possibly allow it to move forward.

Mr. Alford is the co-founder, President/CEO of the National Black Chamber of Commerce®.Website: www.nationalbcc.org. Email: halford@nationalbcc.org.

Letter to the Editor

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As a daughter of a World War II soldier, I was privileged and personally touched to participate in a ceremony at Arrowhead Credit Union Park awarding the Congressional Medal of Honor to five Inland Tuskegee Airmen in 2007. They were Buford Johnson; Harlan Q. Leonard Jr.; Laska H. Jones, Robert Boyd and Charles Ledbetter (posthumously).

These brave heroes fought prejudice and discrimination to fight the Nazis in the air. They represented the 996 airmen, crew and staff who trained at the Tuskegee Army Air Field in Alabama during World War II. Four hundred and fifty pilots were sent overseas and completed 1,578 successful missions.

Sixty-six men made the ultimate sacrifice fighting for our freedom.

Known as the Red Tails, this squadron of Black fighter pilots achieved an extraordinary feat. They not only overcame the racism, they went on to become one of the most respected and decorated regiments in history. They opened doors not just for Black Americans, but for anyone who aspires to achieve their dreams in the face of enormous challenge.

Their courageous story is well-chronicled in the new George Lucas film, “Red Tails.” The film’s release is a focal point for our celebration of Black achievement in American history this month. I hope many of you will see this film to honor the Tuskegee Airmen and to share their legacy with younger generations.

Wilmer Amina Carter Rialto
Wilmer Amina Carter is 62nd District State Assemblymember who honors veterans annually at a May appreciation reception.

Letter to the Editor

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The Moreno Valley City Council again voted to proceed with their previously dismissed validation lawsuit. The reason for the lawsuit is to get court approval to terminate the rights of the public to object to the financing.

And there are plenty of reasons to object.

This project involves the widening of Nason from Fir to Cactus. One of the biggest reasons to oppose this project is the hidden cost.

This $15 million project will cost about $38 million to repay.

The repayments will be made from funds traditionally used for street maintenance.

The city’s residents will be losing $23 million in annual street maintenance over the next 30 years that will instead be paid to interest.

That’s over 20% of the city’s annual general fund revenues. In the city’s long-range business plan (1/17/2012 study session) the report refers to the city’s significant deferred street maintenance liability. One idea is to use $1 million per year from the General Fund to maintain street quality. In other words if the city institutes this financing, the city is going to need to make up from the general fund the loss in street maintenance dollars.

The biggest reason to oppose this financing is because it shouldn’t be paid for with public monies. There is a development agreement between Iddo Benzeevi’s company (Benzeevi) and the city. That agreement requires Benzeevi to pay for street improvements that will impact his development in exchange for the elimination of his Development Impact Fees. Using public dollars to pay for improvements that Benzeevi is contractually obligated to pay for should be thought of as nothing less than a gift of public dollars to a private developer.

The city council already voted to pay for $23.3 million for streets running through and around his vacant property.

Streets that won’t be needed unless he develops.

By my calculations the Moreno Valley City Council just Gifted developer Iddo Benzeevi with $60 million dollars in public money to improve his property and the value of his property. I think the city of Moreno Valley has worked itself right up to the same class as the city of Bell and Vernon and the county of San Bernardino.

Some more little known information. The city council convened a secret committee to (vet) pick the current city manager. This committee met in secret for months before anyone from the public knew. None of us would have known, except Benzeevi and friends went to the press when it looked like his choice wasn’t going to be hired. Three of the committee members were on the Rancho Belago Economic Council Board of Directors.

A committee spearheaded by Benzeevi to further his economic interests in the east end of Moreno Valley.

Two own property or businesses that will be improved with this plan. Two received campaign contribution from the Moreno Valley Taxpayers Association who in turn received almost all of it’s money from Iddo Benzeevi and Jerry Stephens. We feel Benzeevi and friends got to pick the city manager that furthered their business and/ or economic interests.

Hopefully this information encourages you to become more active in city affairs. Moreno Valley City Council meetings are the first four Tuesday’s of the month (except holidays). The address fir City Hall Council Chambers is 14177 Frederick Street, meetings start at 6 PM.

Thank You,
Deanna Reeder

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