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The Problem with Assassinating U.S. Citizens

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By Bill Fletcher, Jr., NNPA Columnist –

(NNPA) To be clear, I have no love for anyone connected with Al Qaeda. If they all dropped into a black hole tomorrow I would rest easy. But I must confess that I have been left very unsettled by the White House's approval of the assassination of a U.S. citizen, one Anwar Al-Awlaki.

Various reports have indicated that the White House received a legal opinion approving the killing. Opponents of the killing have pointed out that there are some serious Constitutional issues at stake. I suppose that I look at it in simple terms.

A U.S. citizen is accused--but not formally charged--with being connected with a terrorist organization. They are living outside of the USA. The U.S. claims that it has intelligence data supporting their allegation. They then go about eliminating this individual.

You need to step back from your feelings about Al Qaeda and your memories of 11 September. Instead, you need to think about what doors are now open to the government. If Al-Awlaki was connected with Al Qaeda--and I am prepared to believe that he was--why was there no formal charge against him? Why not indict him?

Let's go to the next point. If Al-Awlaki was not to be indicted, why does anyone else need to be indicted in the future? Think about it for a moment. If there was no indictment against a U.S. citizen, are we left with execution-based-on-allegations? Can the government decide one day on the basis of whatever information, reliable or unreliable, that an individual is connected with a terrorist organization and then...bang? Does this mean, for instance, that someone who might be doing human rights work in Palestine who is alleged by persons unknown, to be connected with Hamas is now subject to being whacked?

This is more than a slippery slope. In the name of fighting terrorism a door has been opened. This is a door into a house of horrors that may be very difficult to shut. One can understand and share the hatred that is felt against someone--Al-Awlaki--who would knowingly kill or support the killing of civilians. Yet, as citizens we are supposed to have rights and not be tried, let alone executed, based on secret or semi-secret allegations. After all, the allegations may be based on anything including payback, revenge, mischievousness, or personal gain. Is that the basis upon which we want to accept extra-judicial, formally approved, executions?

Bill Fletcher, Jr. is a Senior Scholar with the Institute for Policy Studies, the immediate past president of TransAfrica Forum, and the co-author of "Solidarity Divided." He can be reached at papaq54@hotmail.com.

A Time for Black Business Cohesion

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(NNPA) My wife, Kay, and I started a local Black chamber of commerce back in Indianapolis in 1991. People said we were crazy and would end up with immediate failure. They just didn’t understand that the time had come for the business interactions of Indianapolis to transform into complete integration. There were battles but in the end Indy has become a very progressive city. We are proud of what we accomplished.

Soon after, as my late mentor Dr. Arthur Fletcher would always say of us, “The slope isn’t slippery enough anymore for you two.” He would be amazed as to how much we would take on and when completed we would look for more to do. We started the National Black Chamber of Commerce, Inc., in Washington, D.C., on May, 1993. Next year we will be having our 20th Annual Convention, July 19 – 21, 2012 in Atlanta, GA. We started with 12 local chapters and have exceeded 160 today with more under construction. Our journeys have taken us to Europe, Caribbean, South America and, of course, the continent of Africa. We have generated billions of new dollars for our communities.

It is the increased interaction with business associations and direct contact with foreign Black entrepreneurs that is now leading us to a new “slippery slope”. Pan Africanism is not a new theory. It was first popularized by champions such as Marcus Garvey, Prince Hall, Martin Delany, Edward Wilmot Blyden and Henry Highland Garnet. Uniting Black business as one big organization was first implemented by the great Booker T. Washington (National Negro Business League). Washington and Garvey started collaborating together and the established power bases of America and various European nations provided serious pushback. They even formed rival organizations that mellowed the focus of most Black Americans.

Well, Brothers Washington, Garvey and the others; we still hear you! Last week, as I was meeting with a group of visiting French entrepreneurs the idea hit me. They were complaining that they have had many meetings with Black businesses in Brazil, the Caribbean and many of the 23 Francophone nations in Africa but it appears that they are just going in circles. Then the leader of the group made a sincere request, “Harry, will you bring cohesion to us. Can you form an international organization for businesses of the African Diaspora.?” I paused for about a half a minute and said “Yes!”. They responded with “When?” I retorted with “Now.” I left the meeting with full blown commitment and informed Kay when she picked me up that we have a new big assignment. She welcomed it (as she always does).

We came up with the name PanAfrican Entrepreneurs Conference, Inc. We have secured the Federal Tax ID number, the proper website URL and have reserved the name with the D.C. government. Our formal incorporation and application for 501©3 status will be completed during October. The website will go up first week in November and we will begin collecting a massive database of Pan African entrepreneurs within the Diaspora. We and the organizing principals will have a worldwide teleconference in early December. Oh yes, it is going down.

Seed money for organizing will come from a chamber subsidiary, NBCC – Free Trade Initiative. We will have one giant conference per year beginning in the fall of 2013 with the intention of setting an agenda for the next twelve months (accountability of the agenda will be reported at the next conference and so on). The first venue will be in Miami, Houston or Atlanta. We will move it to another nation each year.

We will begin taking memberships this December. There will be only one type of membership – business owner. Each member will have one vote at the conference as we vote on which issues to focus on the next year. There will be no political or social initiatives whatsoever. It will be straight out business. If we do it right, each member will have an international network for market expansion, joint venturing, capital infusion and effective marketing. Best practices will be shared for the benefit of up and coming business owners and to take successful businesses to the next level.

If we do it right, and we always do, this will have a big, positive effect on the quality of life and economic well being for all descendents of the African Diaspora. Seventy percent of all new jobs come from small business ventures and we are about to multiply exponentially the number of successful businesses within the Diaspora. The more businesses, the more jobs and greater economic vitality for our people in a global fashion. In other words, the NBCC will grow, our chapters will grow and our people will benefit from our efforts.

It has been a long time coming but the time is now. Look out world, Black business is about to take off to another level!

Mr. Alford is the Co-Founder, President/CEO of the National Black Chamber of Commerce, Inc. Website: www.nationalbcc.org. Email: halford@nationalbcc.org.

A Long Shadow of Doubt: The Execution of Troy Davis

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“When ... the Supreme Court gave its seal of approval to capital punishment, this endorsement was premised on the promise that capital punishment would be administered with fairness and justice. Instead, the promise has become a cruel and empty mockery. If not remedied, the scandalous state of our present system of capital punishment will cast a pall of shame over our society for years to come. We cannot let it continue.” -Former United States Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall

(NNPA) Last Wednesday, September 21, 2011 was a sad day for American justice. On that date at 11:08 p.m., Eastern Standard Time, the State of Georgia administered a lethal injection into the body of 42-year-old Troy Davis and put him to death. With his dying breath, Troy Davis maintained his innocence in the 1989 shooting death of off-duty Savannah police officer Mark Allen MacPhail. For 20 years, the shadow of doubt that hung over Davis’ conviction grew so large that it galvanized anti-death penalty advocates around the world, including hundreds of citizens wearing “I am Troy Davis” T-shirts who kept a solemn vigil outside the Jackson, Georgia prison until the final hour.

Over the last 20 years, the National Urban League and dozens of other prominent organizations and leaders argued that Davis’s conviction was in serious doubt. Seven of the nine witnesses who originally identified Troy Davis as the murderer, later recanted their testimony. And no murder weapon or other physical evidence was ever found linking Davis to the crime. That is why we joined the NAACP, the Congressional Black Caucus, Amnesty International, former president Jimmy Carter, Nobel Laureate Desmond Tutu, Al Sharpton, former FBI Director William Sessions, Pope Benedict, former Georgia Congressman, Bob Barr and others in calling for Davis’ exoneration or at least further investigation.

The racial subtext of this case cannot be ignored. Davis, a Black man, was convicted of killing MacPhail, a white police officer. While African Americans make up only 13 percent of the population, more than 42 percent of death row inmates are Black. Over 75 percent of the murder victims in cases resulting in an execution were white, even though nationally, only 50 percent of murder victims were white.

Since 1973, a total of 138 man and women have been exonerated or had their death sentences commuted based on post-conviction findings that proved their innocence -- five of them in the state of Georgia. And, according to the Innocence Project, “Seventeen people have been proven innocent and exonerated by DNA testing in the United States after serving time on death row. They were convicted in 11 states and served a combined 209 years in prison – including 187 years on death row – for crimes they didn’t commit.” These disparities and problems cast a long shadow of doubt over our criminal justice system.

People of conscience can disagree on the death penalty, but it is unconscionable by every standard to execute someone who very well might be innocent. Our hearts go out not only to Mr. Davis’ family, but also to the family of Mark MacPhail who will never know for sure that his killer was brought to justice.

Legendary Supreme Court Justice, Thurgood Marshall was unequivocally against the death penalty and would have been a dissenter in last week’s 11th-hour Supreme Court decision allowing the execution of Troy Davis. Justice Marshall felt, as we do, that as long as questions of equity, fairness and fallibility persist, we must stop executions and give death row inmates every chance to prove their innocence.

Marc H. Morial is the President and CEO of the National Urban League.

National Urban League Helping Mortgage Scam Victims

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"The thought of my home being taken away is consuming, I can't get to sleep at night, and it’s the first thing I think of when I wake up." -Doris Tinson, of Los Angeles, CA

(NNPA) Doris Tinson is just one of a growing number of American homeowners, desperate to save their homes from foreclosure, who are being duped by mortgage loan scam artists. Doris was falling behind on her refinanced high mortgage payments and was looking for help. On the way home from church she saw a sign in the median promising loan modification for a fee. But after forking over $2000 of her hard earned money, after months of waiting for action, and finally receiving a notice that her house was being sold, it became clear that Doris was the victim of a scam.

As the mortgage crisis sweeps the nation, it is unfortunately being accompanied by a rise in mortgage fraud. But you don’t have to be a victim. The National Urban League’s network of U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) approved housing counselors has been offering FREE mortgage counseling services for years. Last year, Urban League affiliates provided housing counseling to over 42,000 clients, including more than 15,000 clients who benefited from default mitigation and foreclosure prevention counseling..

The Urban League is also part of a coalition with the federal government, and some 235 community-based partners in the “Loan Scam Alert Campaign,” a nation-wide effort that is empowering homeowners to protect themselves against loan modification scams, find trusted help, and report illegal activity to authorities.

Scam artists may pose as lawyers or real estate agents, promising loan modifications and charging large fees – then disappearing without helping anyone but themselves. If you are a homeowner facing foreclosure, you may unknowingly become a victim of such a fraud, costing your home, thousands of dollars and a damaged credit score.

The first thing you should know is that you should never have to pay for counseling. If anyone requests money up front or guarantees they can keep you in your home, these are warning signs of a scam and they should be reported. There are no promises that anyone can give you. But trained counselors from HUD-approved counseling agencies will work with you and your lender to get the best results at no cost. HUD lists these six warning signs of a foreclosure scam:

  • Beware of anyone who asks you to pay a fee up front in exchange for a counseling service or modification of a delinquent loan. Assistance from a HUD approved housing counselor is FREE.
  • Beware of anyone who guarantees they can stop a foreclosure or get your loan modified. Nobody can make this guarantee.
  • Beware of people who pressure you to sign papers immediately, or who claim they can “save” your home if you sign or transfer over the property deed.
  • Beware of a company that claims to provide government-approved” or “official government” loan modifications. They may be scam artists posing as legitimate organizations.
  • Beware of a company or person you don’t know who asks you to release personal financial information online or over the phone.
  • Beware of anyone who advises you to stop paying your mortgage company and pay them instead. Never make a mortgage payment to anyone other than your mortgage company/lender.
  • To learn more or to report a scam visit http://www.iamempowered.com/loanscams

Marc H. Morial is the President and CEO of the National Urban League.

Republicans Complain about Class Warfare? You have got to be Kidding!!

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By Bill Fletcher, Jr., NNPA Columnist –

(NNPA) It always amazes me when the Republicans start yelling about how liberals and progressives are engaged in class warfare. Think about it for a minute. Since about 30 seconds after Ronald Reagan took office in 1981, the Republicans have been waging what can only be described as a bitter class war against middle income and poor people. Tax cuts for the rich; cuts in social services; increased taxes on the middle income and poor hidden as "fees." It has been relentless. And in the current period, we have been hearing time and again how it is somehow unfair for the rich and super-rich to pay their fair share of taxes. Yet for Republicans it is important that the middle income and poor pay more. On top of this, Congressman Ryan and his cabal of Republicans want to undermine Social Security, Medicare and Medicaid.

Am I missing something? If this is not class warfare against working people I have no idea how to otherwise describe it.

Yet in this case when President Obama, who has not exactly torched Wall Street, proposed to make the rich pay their fair share of taxes in order for us to move forward with job creation and the protection of the social safety net, suddenly the Republicans yell 'class war' and want to create a national panic. For this reason, it is critical for us to understand what the Republican game-plan is. It comes down to something that we began seeing glimpses of during the 2008 financial collapse: blame the middle income and poor people for the state of the economy. Rather than admitting that the antics of Wall Street and their wild financial speculation brought about the creation of an unsustainable investment bubble (otherwise known as a pyramid scheme or Ponzi scheme) they want to deflect any and all criticisms and create scapegoats. We started seeing this in the fall of 2008 and we have continued hearing it, including suggestions recently by some conservative political theorists that poor people voting is a bad idea.

Yes, there is and has been a class war underway. It has been waged against middle income and poor people since at least 1981. It has focused on increasing the wealth and power of the upper levels of this society, i.e., the upper 10 percent (millionaires and billionaires). In order to carry out this class war, the Republicans have to create the illusion that it is actually not happening. Instead they have promoted ideas that suggest that the various means through which the wealth created by working people ends up in the hands of the super-rich is the normal course of events and is a path open to us all. But it does not work that way. You and i are not getting any richer. Instead we are watching our futures vanish as the super-rich take more and more of everything that we have built.

Regardless of what you may think about the Obama presidency, don't be hoodwinked into believing that he is advocating class war. He is actually advocating fairness, and the last time I checked, that was supposed to be a noble virtue.

Bill Fletcher, Jr. is a Senior Scholar with the Institute for Policy Studies, the immediate past president of TransAfrica Forum, and the co-author of "Solidarity Divided." He can be reached at papaq54@hotmail.com.

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