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Giuliani's Words Do More than Hurt – They Divide

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“A new expression has entered the Westminster lexicon: dog-whistle politics. It means putting out a message that, like a high-pitched dog-whistle, is only fully audible to those at whom it is directly aimed. The intention is to make potential supporters sit up and take notice while avoiding offending those to whom the message will not appeal.” – The Economist, March 2005

(NNPA) After the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks in New York City, I brought a delegation of mayors to meet with the city’s then-mayor, Rudolph Giuliani. The delegation’s goal was to help restore confidence in the still-traumatized city and help rebuild what had been so inhumanly destroyed. At the time, I was mayor of New Orleans and president of the U.S. Conference of Mayors, and Giuliani – widely acknowledged and praised for his leadership after the attacks – catapulted onto the national stage to become “America’s Mayor.”

How times have changed.

During a private New York fundraising dinner for Republican presidential candidate Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker, Giuliani popped onto the national stage yet again – not for the qualities he displayed as “America’s Mayor,” but for the unfounded accusation that President Obama does not love America.

“I do not believe, and I know this is a horrible thing to say, but I do not believe that the president loves America,” Giuliani said in response to a question about the president’s foreign policy and counter-terrorism strategies. He added, “He doesn’t love you. And he doesn’t love me. He wasn’t brought up the way you were brought up and I was brought up, through love of this country.”

Speaking in front of a 2016 Republican presidential contender and a mixed crowd of conservatives and business executives, Giuliani – who failed to win the 2008 GOP presidential nomination – attacked the patriotism of our nation’s president, a man whose grandfather served in World War II, whose grand-uncle helped liberate the Nazi death camp at Buchenwald and who was the chief executive behind the operation to kill 9/11’s mastermind, Osama Bin Laden.

Questioning the president’s patriotism isn’t just inappropriate; it demonstrates a complete lack of respect. It begs the question that as Giuliani continues to seek a prominent role on the national political stage: Will he choose to rehearse only in the Theater of the Absurd?

Giuliani’s response was neither an honest critique of the president’s foreign policy, nor was it a considered analysis of our nation’s ongoing discussion on how to combat terrorism.

It was, however, a veiled attack on the character of our president. It was a better-left-buried relic from 2008 when candidates – including Giuliani – purposely appealed to a particular strain of the GOP base who viewed Obama, the Harvard-educated Black man raised by his White family in Hawaii, as “the other” and “not like us.” It was a rehearsal of the kind of divisive rhetoric that has no place in the 2016 race for the White House.

I am the first to assert that honest critiques of any president, administration and its policies are critical in a functioning democracy. But in this case, there is nothing constructive or relevant in maligning a man because of the way he was raised. Further, Giuliani has yet to explain how the president’s upbringing jeopardizes the national security of our nation. How can personal attacks ever have a constructive place in our conversations about degrading and ultimately destroying ISIL or creating jobs or energy independence?

White House spokesman Josh Earnest said, “It is sad to see when somebody who has attained a certain level of public stature and even admiration tarnishes that legacy so thoroughly.”

Without hesitation, I can say that the Giuliani I met with that mayors’ delegation in the smoldering aftermath of the terror attacks – a bridge-builder, a reconciler and a healer – was not the Giuliani I heard last week. It is quite unfortunate that his reappearance on the national stage recasts and squanders that legacy for a new one that limits him to catering to groups animated by the rhetoric of division at best, and veiled hatemongering at worst.

If I agreed with anything in Giuliani’s statement, it is that, yes, it was a horrible thing to say on many levels. I would add, in a word of advice to the former mayor of New York, that whenever you feel compelled to preface a comment with “I know this is a horrible thing to say,” it is likely a comment better left unsaid.

Marc H. Morial, former mayor of New Orleans, is president and CEO of the National Urban League.

Muslim Lives Matter, Too

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(NNPA) Within days of the murders of three Muslims in Chapel Hill, N.C., a crazed gunman shot several people in Copenhagen, allegedly targeting an illustrator who caricaturized the Prophet Muhammad. One could not have contrasted the media’s response more starkly.

In the case of the Chapel Hill killings, it took a near Twitter uprising to gain the attention of the mainstream media to the tragedy. In the case of Copenhagen, the mainstream media responded near instantaneously.

In the aftermath of the Chapel Hill executions the question of #MuslimLivesMatter has emerged. Actually, it is important to widen the scope. Muslims and non-Muslim Arabs are in the crosshairs of racist, right-wingers in the U.S. Yet, it is not only the targeting of Muslims and non-Muslim Arabs. It is also the targeting of history.

In this regard the right-wing response to President Obama’s Prayer Breakfast remarks about the manner in which religion can be used to justify heinous crimes is relevant.

Those who attacked Obama for suggesting that horrors have been committed in the name of Christianity, along with other religions, have decided that it is appropriate to defy historical facts.

One example, which President Obama did not mention, was the Holocaust carried out against the Jews by the Nazis. The Nazis saw themselves as being good Protestants. They even expressed contempt for Catholics! This is a documented fact. This is not about interpretation and it is not about rhetoric.

Those who ignored the Chapel Hill murders, and/or those who seek to deny that it is a clear example of a hate crime, are those who wish to ignore history and the historical context of these killings.

Muslims and non-Muslim Arabs have been the subject of long-running attacks, caricaturizations, racist insults, and, yes, lynchings, since well prior to the 11 September 2001 terrorist assaults. Though “children of the Book,” Muslims in the U.S. have never been accepted within the Judeo-Christian binary but have been treated as “other.” They have been a source of mystery in the mainstream, a group to be tolerated during the best of times and demonized during the worst.

Arabs have had a very contradictory relationship to U.S. history, in part depending on whether they are Muslim, Jewish or Christian, and also depending on what period in history they arrived in the country. Many Arabs assumed a “White” identity for as long as they could, resulting in complicated and often tense relations with other communities of color. After 11 September 2001, all Arabs found themselves in the category of notorious people of color. There will be no exit in the near future.

The Chapel Hill killings and the initial anemic media response was quite similar to the response to the lynchings of other peoples of color, whether African American, Latino, Asian or Native American. These are killings to be excused away, to be blamed on an individual, at best, or, under certain circumstances, to be blamed on the victim.

This is what is at stake when we hear that the killings may have been about a parking space. Instead of taking seriously the fears and concerns that the victims had prior to their deaths, many mainstream commentators have ignored this altogether, not to mention ignored the larger social/political climate that describes any violent act by a Muslim or Arab as an act of terrorism, and any act against a Muslim or Arab as potentially justified, irrespective of how horrendous.

Did someone say that this was a post-racial society?

Bill Fletcher, Jr. is the host of The Global African. He is a racial justice, labor and global justice activist and writer. Follow him on Twitter, Facebook and at www.billfletcherjr.com.

Are Current Protests Effective?

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One key focus of Black History month is the success that resulted from the Civil Rights Movement and specifically the role of protest in achieving those successes.

Recently, there have been protests after the incidents involving Michael Brown in Ferguson, MO, Eric Garner in New York City and Trayvon Martin in Florida. Unfortunately, in these cases it is hard to find any successes. The police officers in Ferguson and New York have not been charged. Just yesterday, the DOJ (Department of Justice) declined to charge Zimmerman in the killing of Trayvon Martin. Given these failures, it is time to ask the following questions. Are the current protests effective? If these protests are not effective, then why do we keep doing them?

It should be noted that I am not the only one asking these questions. Apparently, Reverend Al Sharpton has many of these same questions. On February 7, 2015 the Washington Post published a very interesting article entitled, “The public life and private doubts of Al Sharpton” by Eli Saslow. This article shows how long Reverend Sharpton has been using protest and activism to advance the cause of the black community. During the article Reverend Sharpton makes some pointed observations and asks some very relevant questions. Here is a quote:

“We come after a generation that was movement motivated,” Sharpton said. “They started with nothing and took down apartheid, and what have we done so far that compares to that? That bothers me. That haunts me.”

“I got a radio show, a TV show, a direct line to the president, and what good is all that if I still can’t get something done when they choke a guy out on tape?”

Whether you like or dislike Reverend Sharpton, the questions that he asks are very relevant. It often seems that we continue to pursue a protest strategy because that strategy was so effective in the past. However, it should be obvious to everyone in the black community that we are no longer seeing the same level of progress.

Moreover, I believe that we are not going to have the same gains because the situation in America has changed dramatically. We now have large numbers of black elected officials including a Black President. We have more successful black entertainers, athletes and business people than ever. In spite of this progress, I know that there will be immediate responses from those who are invested in the protest approach. They will point out that there have been attacks on black voting rights. They will correctly note that bad policing and educational achievement disparities still plague our community. I agree wholeheartedly that these problems still exist in the black community. I just don’t think that protesting is going to lead to solutions.

In fact, over the past 20-30 years, the effort put into protesting has had diminishing returns. Yet many in our community refuse to confront this reality. Black History Month is an excellent time for us to finally confront this reality. We should note that Black History television programs and movies are limited and only can only show an oversimplification of history. They don’t show the goal setting and planning that occurred before the protests. We do not get any analysis of failures. We seldom see the decisions to “not protest”. I wonder if people are attempting to emulate previous Civil Rights protests without actually thinking about whether or not they will be effective.

I believe that today’s protestors are sincere and are working hard to bring change to their communities. However, sincerity is not enough. Given recent setbacks it may be time to rethink our strategy.

Finally, a lack of success can lead people to become very frustrated. This frustration causes people to make sweeping statements such as, “Things for blacks have not really improved” or “We are just as bad off as we were before”. These are not only untrue but they discredit the achievements made by those who came before us.

The best way to address this frustration is to realize that today’s protests are not going to yield the same level of results that we saw in the 1950’s and 60’s. Let’s use Black History Month as a time to not only celebrate past success but to also look beyond those successes to new and better strategies.

Kevin Martin is an Executive Recruiter and former technology entrepreneur. He can be reached at By1989@pacificnet.net

Endless Plastic Bags Smother Planet Earth

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(NNPA) Maybe it has always been like this. If so, I am not sure precisely what triggered my new concern. But in either case, there seems to be an exceptional amount of plastic on highways, streets, in bushes, etc. It is mainly in the form of used plastic bags.

I became aware that it was entering my consciousness a few weeks ago. I was driving and noticed that there was a lot of trash along a major road in my neighborhood. I noticed that, day after day would pass and it would still be there. But it was not only in my neighborhood.

I started wondering whether it was just a matter of the wind, that all of this plastic was around. That there were wind-tunnels created and the plastic bags were accumulating. I have not been able to figure it out, exactly, but I have come to a few conclusions.

The most obvious is that, as individuals, many of us simply do not care about the planet. When we are finished with something, such as a plastic bag, we are content to let it drop and float away. The second conclusion is that we are increasingly witnessing the impact of the destruction of the public sector. There are fewer city, county and state workers to take care of our streets and roads. More often than not, I see groups of prisoners dressed in their bright, orange attire, doing clean-up. Other times I see no one.

A third conclusion is that we live in a society that creates so much waste and really does not know what to do with it. So, these plastic bags fly around, after we have used them, and start to wrap themselves around trees. I am sure that you have seen this. And they smother the trees over time. Or, they fly into the rivers, ponds, and lakes, eventually making it into the ocean, to be consumed by sea life that can never digest them and, therefore, die. Yet, most of us act more as if it is nothing more than a nuisance rather than a sign of collapse.

The solution goes far beyond recycling, as important as that step actually is. It is really about priorities. What sorts of packaging should we use? Yes, maybe some packaging will cost a little more, but so what? Yes, when we get tired of something, we should restrain ourselves from just dropping it where we want, whether it is a plastic bag or a toxic waste dump.

So, when you are driving down the road and see those plastic bags smothering the trees or when they get stuck to the bottom of your car so that you are forever smelling burnt plastic, remember that this is a symptom of a society that has said, in so many words, we do not care what comes next.

Bill Fletcher, Jr. is the host of The Global African on Telesur-English. He is a racial justice, labor and global justice activist and writer. Follow him on Twitter, Facebook and at www.billfletcherjr.com.

Life According to the Movies – Selma

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I enjoy watching movies and like many people especially enjoy movies that are “Based on a True Story” or “Based on actual events”. These statements imply that these movies are more “true” or at least less fictional than the average movie. However, my research has shown that most movies that claim to be based on a true story are often extremely inaccurate with respect to key plot points and characters. Shockingly, many of the most memorable scenes in these in movies never actually happened.

Accusations that supposedly true movies are inaccurate have been leveled at a number of films. The movie “Selma” is just the most recent movie to experience this controversy. Some have suggested that Selma was not nominated for many awards because of its historical inaccuracies. If this is true then the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) is selectively applying these criteria. AMPAS has in fact already given out a “Best Picture” Oscar award to a movie that had major historical inaccuracies. More on that in a minute.

I first became interested in this issue because of the controversy surrounding Denzel Washington’s portrayal of Rubin “Hurricane” Carter in the 1999 film, “The Hurricane”. There was a great deal of criticism that the film had historical inaccuracies. Denzel Washington was nominated for a Best Actor Oscar and some have suggested that he did not win because of this criticism.

Some of the criticism was probably correct specifically, that Carter’s loss to the Middleweight champion and was in fact not due to racist judging. Yet this criticism is beside the point. If Denzel’s performance was the best of the year he deserved to win an Oscar, in spite of any historical errors.

How can I make this statement? That’s easy, I simply point to the 1957 movie, “The Bridge Over the River Kwai”. This movie won seven academy awards including “Best Picture”, “Best Actor” and “Best Director”. According to the AFI (American Film Institute) it is considered one of the greatest movies of all time. However it has huge inaccuracies in some of its most important plot points. The errors are so bad that British Prisoners of War who survived the building of this bridge have written books to set the record straight. The BBC and History channel have done programs discussing the real story of the building of the bridge.

The first error is that British engineering and ingenuity was required to build this bridge. This is completely ridiculous. The Japanese had excellent surveyors and engineers and did not need or get any assistance from the British to build the bridge. In fact, the captured British troops were simply slave labor along with Dutch and American prisoners of war and hundreds of thousands of civilians brought in from Burma, Malaysia, etc.

Additionally the climatic ending (which I won’t spoil) did NOT happen as shown in the film. This ending was designed to show that the triumph of the heroic “commando fighters” but the ending shown in the film never happened! The truth is that “Bridge over River Kwai” is an excellent movie with beautiful cinematography and great performances from a number of notable actors. I can see why it won numerous awards, in spite of its historical inaccuracies.

A movie’s success is based on its ability to tell a story and engage the audience. Movie makers often add or even invent pivotal scenes to add drama and heighten suspense. We should not be surprised that most movies contain “inaccuracies” no matter what they claim.

Let the awards continue to be based on movie making versus historical accuracy. Let’s also encourage people to use any movie “based on a true story” as a starting point for historical research. Hopefully watching the movie “Selma” will encourage people to learn more about Martin Luther King, President Lyndon Baines Johnson and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. The real stories of the people and events are actually more amazing than the movies!

Kevin Martin is an Executive Recruiter and former technology entrepreneur. He can be reached at By1989@pacificnet.net

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