By inferring the Spiritual Elements established Cosmic Organism Spiritual Linkages binding all humans, African Sages' next inferred those spiritual linkages necessarily form connections between moral principles present in the Spiritual Elements, the Cosmos, and humans' interests (Coetzee, African Philosophy p. 401, 441). Moral values arising from human fellowship fashion ideas of humanity (Ani, Yurugu p. 352) and from which Inferences are applied to Metaphysical/Physical worlds. For example, people who live in Truth do Goodness because it naturally flows out of them and without thinking about it, or advertizing it, or desiring recognition for it. Establishing “Circumstantial” (“stand around” the Spiritual Elements) Evidence--suggesting completeness of detail--opens doors into the Unknown. Judging each circumstance for its significance leaves room for inferences to be made on either side of the Truth. Critical Thinking (CT) Inference reasoning from Circumstantal Evidence also enables combining it with Subjective Science--Observation; mental Reflection; “Pure” Feelings (not emotions); Productive Imagination; Contemplation; Inductive and Deductive Inferences; and Common Sense--to go beyond the known to propose something specific (e.g. a reasoned opinion drawn from evidence). The Principle of Correspondence + the accepted combination of concrete and Tangible inferences allowed for principles to be extracted and variously properly applied to the Spiritual Metaphysical Realms where the profound concepts of Ancient Africans lie. In turn, Ancient Africans spent their lives making inferences from Spiritual awarenesses and Metaphysical Knowledge to form inferences about the Immaterial realm of God. This is how they came up with Cosmic Laws, like that of Ma'at (Spiritual Elements in action).
Early on, Predictions became Inferences when one attempted to determine what is currently unknown from what was already known. Circumstantial Evidence helped provide sensible explanations and make reasonable predictions. Rational Predictions were based upon facts used to make estimations or educated guesses. Of course, most were colored by the perceptions, biases, and prejudices of the individual. But typically, Ancient African inferences were from a scientific, especially statistical, analysis of known events. For example, one might say that “if and when” certain factors are combined in certain ways, the results are predictable—Conditional Predictions--and quantified according to the degree of probability of each. Then/now correct predictions are generally considered to be the test of validity of a scientific conclusion or law. An example of a Spiritual CT Inference occurred after Very Ancient Africans learned the pitch of notes depends on the rapidity of vibration--and also the planets move through space at different rates of motion.
From putting this together, they inferred: (1) the movement of the large celestial bodies (e.g. planets, spheres) must make sounds in their motion according to their different rates; (2) those sounds made by their simultaneous revolutions are concordant; (3) their speeds, judged by their distances, are in the ratios of the musical concordances; (4) and the sound effects, by means of the relation of one part to other parts, are a form of Music. Since all things in Nature are harmoniously made, the different sounds must harmonize. Yet, these sounds are not heard because they have been with humans from the birth of mankind. Though sound is perceptible only by contrast with silence, African Sages trained the left hemisphere of their brains to detect these sounds. This African discovery of "Harmony" constituted the first step toward a mathematical analysis of the heavenly bodies (stars); of the influence of the heavenly bodies upon the Earth; and of the experiences in the inner Selfhood workings of humans. Though this had been present for thousands of years, all of it was plagiarized by ancient Greeks, particularly Pythagoras (570-495? BC) during his 23 year stay in Africa, who gave it the title of "The Harmony of the Spheres." Elaboration was done by Plato, the Bible's Book of Job ("the morning stars sang together"); Chaucer; Milton; Shakespeare (in the Merchant of Venice, V, i) and later hymn-writers (e.g. "This is My Father's World"). Ancient Egyptian Priests, inferring music vibrated at a certain rate, used music to cure disease as well as for healing of the mind, body, and spirit of individuals. That too has been plagiarized.
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