Whereas Ancient Africans said a human's body organs worked independently to interdependently produce wholistic health, ancient Greeks borrowed and changed this concept to the idea of an organ being a tool, implement, device, or contrivance--like that used in manual labor. In the post-classical period "Organ"--by now a word of "Mechanics"--implied an instrument that works with a bellows, like the coordinated structure of a church organ, to produce harmonious music. In C17, "Organism" designated a group of organs functioning as a whole. To it as well as to the new devices called "Machines" (a word formerly used of plots and intrigues or for any kind of erection) the ancient Greek word "Mechanic" was applied. Then the Greek prefix 'auto' (self, as in self-moved or automatic or spontaneous of ones own free will) became associated with things working by machinery. The 1748 Oxford Dictionary said: "the motions of the body are of two kinds, automatic and voluntary. The automatic motions are those which arise from the mechanism of the body in an evident manner. They are called automatic from their resemblance to the motions of automata, or machines, whose principle of motion is within themselves. Of this kind there are motions of the heart and peristaltic motion of the bowels." Otherwise, today anything man-made is considered mechanical, relating to, produced by, or dominated throughout by physical forces." A mechanical process" uses (or acts as if it is using) mechanisms or tools or devices.
Mechanically, a "Structure" (made by constructing) is composed of a number of parts built piece by piece and held or put together in a particular way to form a pattern or shape. And a "book of logic and rules" comes with it, especially if applied to humans by Brutes. Many illusions/delusions are from Europeans evaluating Organic Organisms as if they were mechanical and this faulty way of thinking is entrenched in the world's informational literature. One faulty reasoning process is: Wild beasts are born creatures of instinct and they, not man (Error I), possess fundamental powers called “brute instinct” and “brute strength.” Next, by thinking animals had no language implied any animal “utterances” lacked thought (Errors II & III). Finally, it was assumed all animal behaviors could be explained on purely mechanical principles (Error IV). Another example is Logos, meaning in usual analytic discourse all is stated in terms of rational truth so as to reduce life to precise mechanical laws. Third, philosophical and psychological vehicles for thoughts, feelings, and emotions in which something happens to ones mind are called mechanisms--as with the hierarchy of cognitive processes being termed a 'mental mechanism.' This kind of thinking made no sense to me in school and stifled my pursuit of knowledge and creativity. One reason is it misdirects seeing an organism in relation to its environment as well as their intimate relationships to each other. For example, humans breathe out carbon dioxide absorbed by plants; plants give up oxygen which is needed by humans. To see the Cosmos as a machine forces a narrowing of ones vision off the "Truth-Track." Hence, Reasoning is unable to see any "big picture" embracing foreground and background contents of any given thing because of it being unnecessary in patterned thinking for machines. On the one hand, to recognize a problem arising out of an organism is to realize likely disharmony throughout, which hampers 'its all at once' growth. On the other hand, in assessing a significant problem from a mechanical perspective, troubleshooting (e.g. if X happens, do Z) will locate that problem and its repair gives a false sense of "all is well." Those bounding themselves and others as mechanical (e.g. Brutes) justify the delusion of each human being "coldly" disconnected from fellow humans.
For Brutes to view humans whom they deemed to be insignificant or fear or dislike to be mechanical removes any personal feelings about it--making killing them easy. Mechanically oriented societies lack a connectedness with the whole and can thus Kill/Take/Destroy at will. They also conceive of Cosmos Icon Mechanical Images (e.g. God idols, like Satan). Victims accepting the stereotype of mechanical beings, self-declare they are less than human and then "live down" to that image pattern in behaving. By contrast, African Traditions' Cosmic Humanity connection, like kin, is so deeply felt as for there to be no "unplugging" of and replacement of another.
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