"Kind's" Old English etymology (cyn, "to create") embraces "race, family (or) Kindred, Kin, or Kinfolk." Its Indo-European root--gena or gen (to give birth, beget)--refers to the mental, the physical and in Africa, the Spiritual. Human Kin and Kindred denote direct relationships traceable through blood or marriage--both signifying collectively all persons of the same blood or members of the same family, relatives, or relations. Affinity is relationship by marriage; Consanguinity is relationship by blood. "Kind" denotes the most general relationship, as of the whole human species in mankind, humankind. Race refers to the major subdivisions of mankind; Birth and Descent refer to parentage. "Like" (prehistoric Germanic--appearance, form, body) originally meant 'similar in appearance.' "Alike" was applied to two or more objects that some or all qualities of one are the same as those of the other(s): Cotton and wool are alike in that both can be woven into cloth. By modifiers, "Alike" may be made to express more or less resemblance--e.g. these houses are somewhat alike. Things are Homogeneous when made of elements of the same kind or which are the same in structure. Two pieces of iron may be homogeneous in material, while not alike in size or shape. An "Umbrella" term designates something of a "Like-Kind" nature in "Like-Kind" Things and all sharing ideas and/or features having application on more than one Cosmic plane of existence. Yet, it cannot be defined because the customized aspects of each are so varied. Umbrella "Like-Kind" Abstracts/Abstractions imply its members are "tied in bundles" because of sharing something in common. However, the plane of existence of where "Like-Kind" applies is variable. Despite standing under a given category term, each member has a different meaning and value on any given plane and thus each must be dealt with uniquely. An analogy is the way "Like-Kin" chicks hide under the wings of their mother. Though sharing the same genes, each has unique ways and looks. Allow me to illustrate a process.
Identical (monozygotic) Twins result from a single fertilized ovum (mother's reproductive "egg") which, at an early stage of development, becomes separated into independently growing collections of cells--cells giving rise to two individuals of the same sex and identical genetic constitution. Outwardly, the twins have a likeness; inwardly, a "unification" but not a "Oneness." "Like-Kind" things about people, analogized to a skyscraper building, include: (1) an absolutely identical Spiritual Elements Base; (2) the underground foundation has "Similarity" in the "identical with" sense of the fertilized ovum; (3) the above ground foundation has a "Certain Sameness" in having monozygotic genes comprising its functioning after the twins separate; (4) each twin's above ground structure has "Alikeness" in many functions, depending upon how they are assessed and for what purposes; (5) the floors in each structure have a Resemblance in basic layout and electrical wiring but differ in details (e.g. locations of closets, restrooms). Meanwhile, as part of daily living in what goes on inside or outside the buildings or what goes into or comes out of both buildings each shows all aspects of the "big three"--Similarity, "Certain Sameness," and Resemblance--depending upon how they are assessed. Thus, regarding the "big three" meanings: some aspects have no uniformity or standards: some have specific meanings in the entire structure itself; and in certain places some are roughly synonymous.
The point is that the way words are defined or used as "common sense" are not always reliable or are appropriate only in superficial and apparent functions and appearances. Whichever "big three" one chooses as "right" becomes a pattern for how one will deal with all aspects of ones life-shaping and life-changing decisions/solutions. When at a crossroad, the first step off it that only SEEMS "okay" is to go down a path leading to increasing problems and loss of control of where one is going and/or what will happen along the way. To not care about the first step or to be too lazy to figure out the right thing to do, will ensure a lifestyle of Chronic Juggling. To be in "Thought Power" positions and in charge of situations, Critical Thinking goes to great efforts to determine what is the Certainty Path inside the Spiritual Elements. This requiries knowing the story and ramifications behind the "Right" of what is available to be said; its plane of existence; its conveyed form; saying what is meant; and meaning what is said.
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